BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic, heterogeneous, immune-mediated disease manifesting as a spectrum of possible inflammatory signs and symptoms. Clinicians need therapeutic choices that work across all active PsA disease domains, as well as practical information about efficacy of available treatments for individual domains in specific groups of patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of prior tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) exposure on the efficacy of secukinumab across PsA core domains.
METHODS: Data were pooled from 2049 participants with PsA in four phase 3 studies (FUTURE 2-5). Efficacy at week 16 was evaluated for each GRAPPA-OMERACT PsA core domain using nonresponder imputation for musculoskeletal disease activity and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index scores or as-observed data for other outcomes. For each measure, comparisons with placebo were made separately in the TNFi-naive and TNFi-inadequate responder/intolerant (TNF-IR) cohorts.
RESULTS: Treatment with secukinumab improved PsA disease activity across all disease domains regardless of previous TNFi use, although TNFi-naive patients experienced numerically greater benefits in most outcomes. Among patients treated with secukinumab 300 mg, 41.5% and 24.4% of TNFi-naive patients (P < 0.05 vs placebo) and 18.6% and 9.0% of TNF-IR patients (nonsignificant vs placebo) experienced resolution in 66 swollen and 68 tender joint counts, respectively; additionally, 37.2% of TNFi-naive patients and 24.2% of TNF-IR patients achieved complete resolution of psoriasis at week 16 (all P < 0.05 vs placebo). Secukinumab effect sizes were generally larger in TNFi-naive vs TNF-IR patients for musculoskeletal and patient-reported domains.
CONCLUSIONS: Secukinumab demonstrated efficacy vs placebo across GRAPPA-OMERACT PsA core domains. Higher responses among TNFi-naive vs TNF-IR patients suggest that secukinumab should be considered for first-line use in PsA.