Experiments with the 1,4-cyclohexanedione Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction demonstrate that three-dimensional scroll waves can rotate around filaments that end in the wake of a traveling excitation pulse. The vortex structures nucleate during the collision of three nonrotating excitation pulses. The nucleation process and the wave-termination of filaments are direct consequences of the system's anomalous dispersion relation. Vortex filaments are found to expand with about twice the speed of their anchoring wave fronts. Filament expansion is accompanied by the build-up of phase differences in spiral rotation creating strongly twisted wave structures. Experiments employ optical tomography for the reconstruction of the three-dimensional wave patterns.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry