The Institut fur Geophysik Gottingen has facilities to record the time varying magnetic components H and D at extremely low frequencies (ELF) (0.1-20 Hz) continuously over several days, with a sampling rate of 100 Hz. The lower ELF-range is characterized by anthropogenic noise and the first two Schumann resonance modes of the Earth-ionosphere cavity. The local observations near Gottingen are distributed by thunderstorms during the summer that contribute a small part of the energy to the global thunderstorm activity. Transient natural signals with amplitudes of about 10 pT are superimposed on a continuous noise level of about 1 pT; both exhibit the Schumann resonance periodicities. The signals show a tendency to repeat after about 2 s which may suggest excitation by whistler-trains. The Schumann resonances are investigated by an analysis of the autocovariance matrix yielding a robust estimation of the amplitude, damping and frequency. All these parameters show a characteristic directional dependence and variability during the day. The amplitudes represent the excitation with different source locations of thunderstorm activity around the world, generating a dipole field within the resonator, while the damping and centre-frequency are related to solar activity coupling to the lower ionosphere.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|