School connectedness, peer attachment, and self-esteem as predictors of adolescent depression

Abigail Millings, R Buck, A Montgomery, M Spears, P Stallard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by self-esteem (SE) and peer attachment style. Participants were 5022 adolescents (aged 11-16) who completed a battery of questionnaires in school, including measures of low mood, SC, SE, and peer attachment style. The relationship between SC and low mood was reduced by the inclusion of SE and peer attachment style. Peer attachment style was the largest predictor of low mood. The relationship between SC and low mood was not moderated by SE or peer attachment style. Interventions for adolescent depression may be most effective by focussing on increasing SE and fostering secure attachments, rather than solely focussing on increasing SC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1067
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Self Concept
Depression
Foster Home Care
Mental Health
Cross-Sectional Studies

Cite this

School connectedness, peer attachment, and self-esteem as predictors of adolescent depression. / Millings, Abigail; Buck, R; Montgomery, A; Spears, M; Stallard, P.

In: Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2012, p. 1061-1067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Millings, Abigail ; Buck, R ; Montgomery, A ; Spears, M ; Stallard, P. / School connectedness, peer attachment, and self-esteem as predictors of adolescent depression. In: Journal of Adolescence. 2012 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 1061-1067.
@article{4c12521fa3b34737b5ce086ada0a2e3f,
title = "School connectedness, peer attachment, and self-esteem as predictors of adolescent depression",
abstract = "Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by self-esteem (SE) and peer attachment style. Participants were 5022 adolescents (aged 11-16) who completed a battery of questionnaires in school, including measures of low mood, SC, SE, and peer attachment style. The relationship between SC and low mood was reduced by the inclusion of SE and peer attachment style. Peer attachment style was the largest predictor of low mood. The relationship between SC and low mood was not moderated by SE or peer attachment style. Interventions for adolescent depression may be most effective by focussing on increasing SE and fostering secure attachments, rather than solely focussing on increasing SC.",
author = "Abigail Millings and R Buck and A Montgomery and M Spears and P Stallard",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.02.015",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1061--1067",
journal = "Journal of Adolescence",
issn = "0140-1971",
publisher = "Elsevier Academic Press Inc",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - School connectedness, peer attachment, and self-esteem as predictors of adolescent depression

AU - Millings, Abigail

AU - Buck, R

AU - Montgomery, A

AU - Spears, M

AU - Stallard, P

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by self-esteem (SE) and peer attachment style. Participants were 5022 adolescents (aged 11-16) who completed a battery of questionnaires in school, including measures of low mood, SC, SE, and peer attachment style. The relationship between SC and low mood was reduced by the inclusion of SE and peer attachment style. Peer attachment style was the largest predictor of low mood. The relationship between SC and low mood was not moderated by SE or peer attachment style. Interventions for adolescent depression may be most effective by focussing on increasing SE and fostering secure attachments, rather than solely focussing on increasing SC.

AB - Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by self-esteem (SE) and peer attachment style. Participants were 5022 adolescents (aged 11-16) who completed a battery of questionnaires in school, including measures of low mood, SC, SE, and peer attachment style. The relationship between SC and low mood was reduced by the inclusion of SE and peer attachment style. Peer attachment style was the largest predictor of low mood. The relationship between SC and low mood was not moderated by SE or peer attachment style. Interventions for adolescent depression may be most effective by focussing on increasing SE and fostering secure attachments, rather than solely focussing on increasing SC.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863457718&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.02.015

U2 - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.02.015

DO - 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.02.015

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 1061

EP - 1067

JO - Journal of Adolescence

JF - Journal of Adolescence

SN - 0140-1971

IS - 4

ER -