Scheme design considering network topology and multi-attribute decision-making for under frequency load shedding

Da Xie, Yupu Lu, Chenghong Gu, Furong Li

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8 Citations (SciVal)
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Power system emergency control is one key defense strategy in contingencies for protecting the system from cascading blackout. Under Frequency Load Shedding (UFLS) is one such strategy to ensure system stability by shedding load to retrieve balance between power supply and demand. Novel UFLS scheme design and a scheme optimization approach are proposed in this paper to find the optimal load-shedding schemes for different network partition resulted from contingencies. To obtain all possible UFLS schemes for a certain area, a candidate scheme set design algorithm based on value assigning of scheme parameters is proposed and then a relatively complete candidate scheme set is constructed. Considering network splitting caused by protection, several subsystems may exist from the reconstruction of independent network areas. The concept of homological area is defined and a graph-based method is used to analyse system topology change. Then, a multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) algorithm is introduced for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) for global optimizing candidate schemes. Optimal schemes for an area in both isolated area and homological area cases can be derived from all feasible UFLS schemes by MADM method. Simulation results demonstrate that the UFLS schemes can effectively restore system frequency in different network topologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems
Early online date23 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Desirable scheme screening
  • Graph theory
  • Homological area
  • Multi-attribute decision-making
  • Under frequency load shedding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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