Scalability of Multitube Membrane Modules for Hydrogen Separation: Technical Considerations, Issues and Solutions

Rui Ma, Bernardo Castro Dominguez, Anthony Dixon, Yi Hua Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palladium membrane technology has shown promising features for the development of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Nonetheless, the contribution of a palladium membrane technology to economic and societal development requires its commercialization, diffusion and utilization. To generate enough incentives for commercialization, it is necessary to demonstrate the scalability and robustness of the membranes in industrial settings. Consequently, this work utilizes pilot-scale experimental data generated under industrial conditions to validate a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model, which was up-scaled and utilized to determine the intrinsic phenomena of palladium membrane scale up. This study reveals the technical/engineering requirements for the effective design of large scale multitube membrane modules. Mass transfer limitations and concentration polarization effects were studied quantitatively with the developed model using the defined parameters Concentration Polarization Coefficient (CPC) and Effective Average CPC (EAC). Methods for diminishing the concentration polarization effect were proposed and tested through the simulations such as i) increasing convective forces and ii) designing baffles to create gas recirculation. For scaled-up membrane modules, mass transfer limitation is an important parameter to consider as large modules showed severe concentration polarization effects. Certainly, this work shows for the first time the main features required when designing large scale membrane reactor modules.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887 - 896
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume564
Early online date4 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Scalability
Hydrogen
modules
Polarization
membranes
Membranes
Palladium
hydrogen
Membrane technology
polarization
palladium
commercialization
Mass transfer
mass transfer
Requirements engineering
economic development
Technology
incentives
baffles
Dynamic models

Cite this

Scalability of Multitube Membrane Modules for Hydrogen Separation: Technical Considerations, Issues and Solutions. / Ma, Rui; Castro Dominguez, Bernardo; Dixon, Anthony; Hua Ma, Yi.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 564, 15.10.2018, p. 887 - 896.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5de416d34a754fa29bd587c6b246abb5,
title = "Scalability of Multitube Membrane Modules for Hydrogen Separation: Technical Considerations, Issues and Solutions",
abstract = "Palladium membrane technology has shown promising features for the development of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Nonetheless, the contribution of a palladium membrane technology to economic and societal development requires its commercialization, diffusion and utilization. To generate enough incentives for commercialization, it is necessary to demonstrate the scalability and robustness of the membranes in industrial settings. Consequently, this work utilizes pilot-scale experimental data generated under industrial conditions to validate a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model, which was up-scaled and utilized to determine the intrinsic phenomena of palladium membrane scale up. This study reveals the technical/engineering requirements for the effective design of large scale multitube membrane modules. Mass transfer limitations and concentration polarization effects were studied quantitatively with the developed model using the defined parameters Concentration Polarization Coefficient (CPC) and Effective Average CPC (EAC). Methods for diminishing the concentration polarization effect were proposed and tested through the simulations such as i) increasing convective forces and ii) designing baffles to create gas recirculation. For scaled-up membrane modules, mass transfer limitation is an important parameter to consider as large modules showed severe concentration polarization effects. Certainly, this work shows for the first time the main features required when designing large scale membrane reactor modules.",
author = "Rui Ma and {Castro Dominguez}, Bernardo and Anthony Dixon and {Hua Ma}, Yi",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.memsci.2018.08.003",
language = "English",
volume = "564",
pages = "887 -- 896",
journal = "Journal of Membrane Science",
issn = "0376-7388",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scalability of Multitube Membrane Modules for Hydrogen Separation: Technical Considerations, Issues and Solutions

AU - Ma, Rui

AU - Castro Dominguez, Bernardo

AU - Dixon, Anthony

AU - Hua Ma, Yi

PY - 2018/10/15

Y1 - 2018/10/15

N2 - Palladium membrane technology has shown promising features for the development of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Nonetheless, the contribution of a palladium membrane technology to economic and societal development requires its commercialization, diffusion and utilization. To generate enough incentives for commercialization, it is necessary to demonstrate the scalability and robustness of the membranes in industrial settings. Consequently, this work utilizes pilot-scale experimental data generated under industrial conditions to validate a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model, which was up-scaled and utilized to determine the intrinsic phenomena of palladium membrane scale up. This study reveals the technical/engineering requirements for the effective design of large scale multitube membrane modules. Mass transfer limitations and concentration polarization effects were studied quantitatively with the developed model using the defined parameters Concentration Polarization Coefficient (CPC) and Effective Average CPC (EAC). Methods for diminishing the concentration polarization effect were proposed and tested through the simulations such as i) increasing convective forces and ii) designing baffles to create gas recirculation. For scaled-up membrane modules, mass transfer limitation is an important parameter to consider as large modules showed severe concentration polarization effects. Certainly, this work shows for the first time the main features required when designing large scale membrane reactor modules.

AB - Palladium membrane technology has shown promising features for the development of a sustainable hydrogen economy. Nonetheless, the contribution of a palladium membrane technology to economic and societal development requires its commercialization, diffusion and utilization. To generate enough incentives for commercialization, it is necessary to demonstrate the scalability and robustness of the membranes in industrial settings. Consequently, this work utilizes pilot-scale experimental data generated under industrial conditions to validate a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model, which was up-scaled and utilized to determine the intrinsic phenomena of palladium membrane scale up. This study reveals the technical/engineering requirements for the effective design of large scale multitube membrane modules. Mass transfer limitations and concentration polarization effects were studied quantitatively with the developed model using the defined parameters Concentration Polarization Coefficient (CPC) and Effective Average CPC (EAC). Methods for diminishing the concentration polarization effect were proposed and tested through the simulations such as i) increasing convective forces and ii) designing baffles to create gas recirculation. For scaled-up membrane modules, mass transfer limitation is an important parameter to consider as large modules showed severe concentration polarization effects. Certainly, this work shows for the first time the main features required when designing large scale membrane reactor modules.

UR - https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1XXSA1LgHNS4m2

U2 - 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.08.003

DO - 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.08.003

M3 - Article

VL - 564

SP - 887

EP - 896

JO - Journal of Membrane Science

JF - Journal of Membrane Science

SN - 0376-7388

ER -