Salivary immunoglobulin A response at rest and after exercise following a 48 h period of fluid and/or energy restriction

S J Oliver, S J Laing, S Wilson, J L J Bilzon, R Walters, N P Walsh

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41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim was to investigate the effects of a 48 h period of fluid, energy or combined fluid and energy restriction on salivary IgA (s-IgA) responses at rest and after exercise. Thirteen healthy males (age 21 (SEM 1) years) participated in four randomised 48 h trials. In the control trial participants received their estimated energy (12 154 (SEM 230) kJ/d) and water (3912 (SEM 140) ml/d) requirements. On fluid restriction (FR) participants received their energy requirements and 193 (SEM 19) ml water/d to drink and on energy restriction (ER) participants received their water requirements and 1214 (SEM 25) kJ/d. Fluid and energy restriction (F + ER) was a combination of FR and ER. After 48 It, participants performed a 30 min treadmill time trial (TT) followed by rehydration (0-2 h) and refeeding (2-6 h). Unstimulated saliva was collected at 0, 24 and 48 h, post-TT, and 2 and 6h post-TT. Saliva flow rate (sflw) and s-IgA (ELISA) remained unchanged in control conditions and on ER. However, 48h on FR decreased sflw (64%) which most probably accounted for the increase in s-IgA concentration (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1116
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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