Safewards: The empirical basis of the model and a critical appraisal

L Bowers, J Alexander, H Bilgin, M Botha, C Dack, K James, M Jarrett, D Jeffery, H Nijman, J A Owiti, C Papadopoulos, J Ross, S Wright, D Stewart

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In the previous paper we described a model explaining differences in rates of conflict and containment between wards, grouping causal factors into six domains: the staff team, the physical environment, outside hospital, the patient community, patient characteristics and the regulatory framework. This paper reviews and evaluates the evidence for the model from previously published research. The model is supported, but the evidence is not very strong. More research using more rigorous methods is required in order to confirm or improve this model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-364
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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