Running velocities and baton change-overs in 4 x 100m relay exchanges

Aki I. T. Salo

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section


In 4 x 100 m relays, the baton exchange happens as an interaction between two athletes running at very high speed. The purpose of this paper was to study this interaction in relay exchanges. Three normal training sessions of the international level male 4 x 100 m relay team was videotaped over one competition season. Athletes' velocities in different parts of the exchanges and the positions at which the baton change-overs occurred were analysed. Although the take-over zone is 20 m long, it seems that it is beneficial to have the changeover as late as possible (the overall performance of athletes in the change-over had a correlation of r = .667 (p < .000) with the position of the baton exchange). Further, the outgoing athlete has a task to accelerate fully. However, the results indicated that the athletes perceive each others velocities and adjust their own running accordingly.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Oral Sessions XIX International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports
EditorsJ R Blackwell, R H Sanders
PublisherInternational Society of Biomechanics in Sports
ISBN (Print)0971521808
Publication statusPublished - 2001
EventXIX International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 2001 - San Francisco, USA United States
Duration: 20 Jun 200126 Jun 2001


ConferenceXIX International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 2001
Country/TerritoryUSA United States
CitySan Francisco


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