Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles

Paolo Gaudino, Elena Seminati, Dario Cazzola, Alberto Enrico Minetti

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Unless you are driving a hybrid car, where the energy normally lost in decelerations is stored as electric energy to be used in successive accelerations, speed increases of your vehicle are associated to extra fuel consumption. A few years ago we showed that the inherent increases/decreases of total mechanical energy of the body centre of mass during constant speed walking could explain the surprising invariant metabolic cost of transport when walking at oscillating speed. Here we present metabolic results of running at constant and oscillating speeds (11 ± 0, ± 1, ± 2, ± 3, ± 4 km.h-1), with an acceleration/deceleration cycle lasting 6 s, performed by 9 subjects both on a motorized treadmill and on a 68 m diameter circular path as set by a moving spot projected by a laser attached to a motorized telescope, driven by a customly written software.
It is expected from physics and physiology that such running protocol would imply an extra metabolic cost of transport C (J*kg-1*m-1) = 4.8 dv*dt-1, where dv
is the speed change (m*s-1) and dt is its duration (3 s). Surprisingly again, we obtained substantial cost invariance even at the widest speed oscillation (C =
+6.6 ± 7.4 % rather than +41.9%). Differently from walking, running mechanics include a portion of the total mechanical work related to the elastic energy (stored and) released by tendons. By taking this into account, it can be shown that the maximum speed oscillation compatible with cost invariance should be ± 4.5 km*h-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages135
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
EventSIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society - Verona, Italy
Duration: 21 Sep 201223 Sep 2012

Conference

ConferenceSIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society
CountryItaly
CityVerona
Period21/09/1223/09/12

Fingerprint

deceleration
costs
cycles
walking
invariance
treadmills
tendons
fuel consumption
oscillations
physiology
energy
center of mass
vehicles
telescopes
computer programs
physics
lasers

Cite this

Gaudino, P., Seminati, E., Cazzola, D., & Minetti, A. E. (2012). Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles. 135. Abstract from SIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society, Verona, Italy.

Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles. / Gaudino, Paolo; Seminati, Elena; Cazzola, Dario; Minetti, Alberto Enrico.

2012. 135 Abstract from SIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society, Verona, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Gaudino, P, Seminati, E, Cazzola, D & Minetti, AE 2012, 'Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles' SIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society, Verona, Italy, 21/09/12 - 23/09/12, pp. 135.
Gaudino P, Seminati E, Cazzola D, Minetti AE. Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles. 2012. Abstract from SIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society, Verona, Italy.
Gaudino, Paolo ; Seminati, Elena ; Cazzola, Dario ; Minetti, Alberto Enrico. / Running cost of transport is not affected by acceleration/deceleration cycles. Abstract from SIF - 63rd National Congress of the Italian Physiological Society, Verona, Italy.1 p.
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N2 - Unless you are driving a hybrid car, where the energy normally lost in decelerations is stored as electric energy to be used in successive accelerations, speed increases of your vehicle are associated to extra fuel consumption. A few years ago we showed that the inherent increases/decreases of total mechanical energy of the body centre of mass during constant speed walking could explain the surprising invariant metabolic cost of transport when walking at oscillating speed. Here we present metabolic results of running at constant and oscillating speeds (11 ± 0, ± 1, ± 2, ± 3, ± 4 km.h-1), with an acceleration/deceleration cycle lasting 6 s, performed by 9 subjects both on a motorized treadmill and on a 68 m diameter circular path as set by a moving spot projected by a laser attached to a motorized telescope, driven by a customly written software.It is expected from physics and physiology that such running protocol would imply an extra metabolic cost of transport C (J*kg-1*m-1) = 4.8 dv*dt-1, where dvis the speed change (m*s-1) and dt is its duration (3 s). Surprisingly again, we obtained substantial cost invariance even at the widest speed oscillation (C =+6.6 ± 7.4 % rather than +41.9%). Differently from walking, running mechanics include a portion of the total mechanical work related to the elastic energy (stored and) released by tendons. By taking this into account, it can be shown that the maximum speed oscillation compatible with cost invariance should be ± 4.5 km*h-1.

AB - Unless you are driving a hybrid car, where the energy normally lost in decelerations is stored as electric energy to be used in successive accelerations, speed increases of your vehicle are associated to extra fuel consumption. A few years ago we showed that the inherent increases/decreases of total mechanical energy of the body centre of mass during constant speed walking could explain the surprising invariant metabolic cost of transport when walking at oscillating speed. Here we present metabolic results of running at constant and oscillating speeds (11 ± 0, ± 1, ± 2, ± 3, ± 4 km.h-1), with an acceleration/deceleration cycle lasting 6 s, performed by 9 subjects both on a motorized treadmill and on a 68 m diameter circular path as set by a moving spot projected by a laser attached to a motorized telescope, driven by a customly written software.It is expected from physics and physiology that such running protocol would imply an extra metabolic cost of transport C (J*kg-1*m-1) = 4.8 dv*dt-1, where dvis the speed change (m*s-1) and dt is its duration (3 s). Surprisingly again, we obtained substantial cost invariance even at the widest speed oscillation (C =+6.6 ± 7.4 % rather than +41.9%). Differently from walking, running mechanics include a portion of the total mechanical work related to the elastic energy (stored and) released by tendons. By taking this into account, it can be shown that the maximum speed oscillation compatible with cost invariance should be ± 4.5 km*h-1.

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