RPA using a multiplexed cartridge for low cost point of care diagnostics in the field

Luck Tosan Ereku, Ruth E Mackay, Pascal Craw, Angel Naveenathayalan, Thomas Stead, Manorharanehru Branavan, Wamadeva Balachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (SciVal)


A point of care device utilising Lab-on-a-Chip technologies that is applicable for biological pathogens was designed, fabricated and tested showing sample in to answer out capabilities. The purpose of the design was to develop a cartridge with the capability to perform nucleic acid extraction and purification from a sample using a chitosan membrane at an acidic pH. Waste was stored within the cartridge with the use of sodium polyacrylate to solidify or gelate the sample in a single chamber. Nucleic acid elution was conducted using the RPA amplification reagents (alkaline pH). Passive valves were used to regulate the fluid flow and a multiplexer was designed to distribute the fluid into six microchambers for amplification reactions. Cartridges were produced using soft lithography of silicone from 3D printed moulds, bonded to glass substrates. The isothermal technique, RPA is employed for amplification. This paper shows the results from two separate experiments: the first using the RPA control nucleic acid, the second showing successful amplification from Chlamydia Trachomatis. Endpoint analysis conducted for the RPA analysis was gel electrophoresis that showed 143 base pair DNA was amplified successfully for positive samples whilst negative samples did not show amplification. End point analysis for Chlamydia Trachomatis samples was fluorescence detection that showed successful detection of 1 copy/μL and 10 copies/μL spiked in a MES buffer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-88
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Crown Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Chitosan/chemistry
  • Chlamydia trachomatis/genetics
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Lab-On-A-Chip Devices
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/instrumentation
  • Nucleic Acids/analysis
  • Point-of-Care Systems


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