Routes to titanium tetrazole complexes

Michael S. Hill, Peter B. Hitchcock, Nikki Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (SciVal)


The titanium tetrazole coordination complex [TiCl4 ·(PhCN4H)2] has been prepared by treatment of TiCl4 with two equivalents of 5-phenyltetrazole in dichloromethane and spectroscopically and crystallographically characterised. The solid-state structure of this compound consists of six-coordinate titanium centres with cis ligated tetrazoles. The individual [TiCl4·(PhCN 4H)2] dimerise via intermolecular N⋯H-N hydrogen bonding interactions and are further organised into 2D supramolecular arrays. Mass spectral evidence indicates that the individual tetrazole ligands are only weakly bound, limiting the potential of this complex as a titanium nitride precursor. 3+2 cycloaddition of tributyltin azide with 2-toluinitrile at 200°C has afforded the tributylstannyl tetrazole[SnBu3{5-(2- MeC6H4)CN4}]n. Crystallographic analysis shows that this compound exists as a supramolecular coordination polymer propagated via trigonal bipyramidal tin centres linked by N 1-Sn-N3 interactions. Preliminary reactivity studies of this tin complex with titanium tetrachloride in an effort to synthesise a covalently bound titanium tetrazolyl complex have thus far yielded incomplete elimination of the expected Bu3SnCl by-product and intractable titanium-containing products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-807
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2004


  • Cycloaddition
  • Nitride precursor
  • Tetrazole
  • Tin
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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