Roll-your-own cigarettes in Europe

Use, weight and implications for fiscal policies

Silvano Gallus, Alessandra Lugo, Simone Ghislandi, Carlo La Vecchia, A B C Gilmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Excise duties on roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco, which are generally based on RYO cigarettes containing 1 g of tobacco, are lower than duties on factory-made (FM) cigarettes. This provides a price incentive for smokers to switch to RYO, the use of which is increasing across Europe. To effectively approximate duties on the two types of products, accurate data on the weight of RYO cigarettes are required. We provide updated information on RYO use and RYO cigarette weight across Europe. From a representative face-to-face survey conducted in 2010 in 18 European countries (Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, England, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain and Sweden), we considered data from 5158 current smokers aged 15 years or above, with available information on daily consumption of FM and RYO cigarettes separately. In Europe, 10.4% of current smokers (12.9% of men and 7.5% of women) were 'predominant' RYO users (i.e. >50% of cigarettes smoked). This proportion was highest in England (27.3%), France (16.5%) and Finland (13.6%). The median weight of one RYO cigarette is 0.75 g (based on 192 smokers consuming exclusively RYO cigarettes). The proportion of RYO smokers is substantial in several European countries. Our finding on the weight of RYO cigarettes is consistent with the scientific literature and industry documents showing that the weight of RYO cigarettes is substantially lower than that of FM ones. Basing excise duties on RYO on an average cigarette weight of 0.75 g rather than 1 g would help increase the excise levels to those on FM cigarettes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-192
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume23
Issue number3
Early online date4 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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Tobacco Products
Weights and Measures
Finland
England
France
Tobacco
Fiscal Policy
Albania
Latvia
Literature
Bulgaria
Romania
Croatia
Portugal
Hungary
Austria
Czech Republic
Greece
Poland
Ireland

Keywords

  • price
  • tax

Cite this

Roll-your-own cigarettes in Europe : Use, weight and implications for fiscal policies. / Gallus, Silvano; Lugo, Alessandra; Ghislandi, Simone; La Vecchia, Carlo; Gilmore, A B C.

In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 23, No. 3, 05.2014, p. 186-192.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gallus, Silvano ; Lugo, Alessandra ; Ghislandi, Simone ; La Vecchia, Carlo ; Gilmore, A B C. / Roll-your-own cigarettes in Europe : Use, weight and implications for fiscal policies. In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 186-192.
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