Role of microRNAs in the development and progression of the four Medulloblastoma subgroups

Emilia Bevacqua, Jasmin Farshchi, Maria Niklison Chirou, Paulo Tucci

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Medulloblastoma is the most frequent malignant brain tumour in children. Medulloblas-toma originate during the embryonic stage. They are located in the cerebellum, which is the area of the central nervous system (CNS) responsible for controlling equilibrium and coordination of movements. In 2012, medulloblastoma were divided into four subgroups based on a genome-wide analysis of RNA expression. These subgroups are named Wingless, Sonic Hedgehog, Group 3 and Group 4. Each subgroup has a different cell of origin, prognosis, and response to therapies. Wingless and Sonic Hedgehog medulloblastoma are so named based on the main mutation originating these tumours. Group 3 and Group 4 have generic names because we do not know the key mutation driving these tumours. Gene expression at the post-transcriptional level is regulated by a group of small single-stranded non-coding RNAs. These microRNA (miRNAs or miRs) play a central role in several cellular functions such as cell differentiation and, therefore, any malfunction in this regulatory system leads to a variety of disorders such as cancer. The role of miRNAs in medulloblastoma is still a topic of intense clinical research; previous studies have mostly concentrated on the clinical entity of the single disease rather than in the four molecular subgroups. In this review, we summarize the latest discoveries on miRNAs in the four medulloblastoma subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6323
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Brain tumour
  • Medulloblastoma
  • MiRNA
  • Stem cells
  • Subgroups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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