PagL and LpxO are enzymes that modify lipid A. PagL is a 3-O deacylase that removes the primary acyl chain from the 3 position, and LpxO is an oxygenase that 2-hydroxylates specific acyl chains in the lipid A. pagL and lpxO homologues have been identified in the genome of Bordetella bronchiseptica, but in the current structure for B. bronchiseptica lipid A the 3 position is acylated and 2-OH acylation is not reported. We have investigated the role of B. bronchiseptica pagL and lpxO in lipid A biosynthesis. We report a different structure for wild-type (WT) B. bronchiseptica lipid A, including the presence of 2-OH-myristate, the presence of which is dependent on lpxO. We also demonstrate that the 3 position is not acylated in the major WT lipid A structures but that mutation of pagL results in the presence of 3-OH-decanoic acid at this position, suggesting that lipid A containing this acylation is synthesized but that PagL removes most of it from the mature lipid A. These data refine the structure of B. bronchiseptica lipid A and demonstrate that pagL and lpxO are involved in its biosynthesis.
MacArthur, I., Jones, J. W., Goodlett, D. R., Ernst, R. K., & Preston, A. (2011). Role of pagL and lpxO in Bordetella bronchiseptica lipid A biosynthesis. Journal of Bacteriology, 193(18), 4726-4735. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.01502-10