Role of Alumina Basicity in CO2 Uptake in 3-Aminopropylsilyl-Grafted Alumina Adsorbents

Matthew E. Potter, Kyeong Min Cho, Jason J. Lee, Christopher W. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Oxide-supported amine materials are widely known to be effective CO2 sorbents under simulated flue-gas and direct-air-capture conditions. Most work has focused on amine species loaded onto porous silica supports, though potential stability advantages may be offered through the use of porous alumina supports. Unlike silica materials, which are comparably inert, porous alumina materials can be tuned to have substantial acidity and/or basicity. Owing to their amphoteric nature, alumina supports play a more active role in CO2 sorption than silica supports, potentially directly participating in the adsorption process. In this work, primary amines associated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane are grafted onto two different mesoporous alumina materials having different levels of basicity. Adsorbent materials with different amine loadings are prepared, and the CO2-adsorption behavior of similar amines on the two alumina supports is demonstrated to be different. At low amine loadings, the inherent properties of the support surface play a significant role, whereas at high amine loadings, when the alumina surface is effectively blocked, the sorbents prepared on the two supports behave similarly. At high amine loadings, amine–CO2–amine interactions are shown to dominate, leading to adsorbed species that appear similar to the species formed over silica-supported amine materials. The sorbent properties are comprehensively characterized using N2 physisorption analysis, in situ FTIR spectroscopy, and adsorption microcalorimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2192-2201
Number of pages10
JournalChemSusChem
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2017

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • amino silicates
  • calorimetry
  • carbon storage
  • ir spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Energy

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