Robotic reverberation mapping of the broad-line radio galaxy 3C 120

Michael Hlabathe, David Starkey, Keith Horne, Encarni Romero-Colmenero, Steven Crawford, Stefano Valenti, Hartmut Winkler, Aaron Barth, Christopher Onken, David Sand, Tommaso Treu, Aleksandar Diamond-Stanic, Carolin Villforth

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Abstract

We carried out photometric and spectroscopic observations of the well-studied broad-line radio galaxy 3C 120 with the Las Cumbres Observatory (LCO) global robotic telescope network from 2016 December to 2018 April as part of the LCO AGN Key Project on Reverberation Mapping of Accretion Flows. Here, we present both spectroscopic and photometric reverberation mapping results. We used the interpolated cross-correlation function (ICCF) to perform multiple-line lag measurements in 3C 120. We find the H$\gamma$, He II $\lambda 4686$, H$\beta$ and He I $\lambda 5876$ lags of $\tau_{\text{cen}} = 18.8_{-1.0}^{+1.3}$, $2.7_{-0.8}^{+0.7}$, $21.2_{-1.0}^{+1.6}$, and $16.9_{-1.1}^{+0.9}$ days respectively, relative to the V-band continuum. Using the measured lag and rms velocity width of the H$\beta$ emission line, we determine the mass of the black hole for 3C 120 to be $M=\left(6.3^{+0.5}_{-0.3}\right)\times10^7\,(f/5.5)$ M$_\odot$. Our black hole mass measurement is consistent with similar previous studies on 3C 120, but with small uncertainties. In addition, velocity-resolved lags in 3C 120 show a symmetric pattern across the H$\beta$ line, 25 days at line centre decreasing to 17 days in the line wings at $\pm4000$ km s$^{-1}$. We also investigate the inter-band continuum lags in 3C 120 and find that they are generally consistent with $\tau\propto\lambda^{4/3}$ as predicted from a geometrically-thin, optically-thick accretion disc. From the continuum lags, we measure the best fit value $\tau_{\rm 0} = 3.5\pm 0.2$ days at $\lambda_{\rm 0} = 5477$A. It implies a disc size a factor of $1.6$ times larger than prediction from the standard disc model with $L/L_{\rm Edd} = 0.4$. This is consistent with previous studies in which larger than expected disc sizes were measured.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2910-2929
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume497
Issue number3
Early online date25 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA

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