Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151

S. Valenti, D. J. Sand, A. J. Barth, K. Horne, T. Treu, L. Raganit, T. Boroson, S. Crawford, A. Pancoast, L. Pei, E. Romero-Colmenero, C. Villforth, H. Winkler

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Abstract

We present the first results from the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) Network's Active Galactic Nuclei Key Project, a large program devoted to using the robotic resources of LCOGT to perform time domain studies of active galaxies. We monitored the Seyfert 1 galaxy Arp~151 (Mrk~40) for $\sim$200 days with robotic imagers and with the FLOYDS robotic spectrograph at Faulkes Telescope North. Arp~151 was highly variable during this campaign, with $V$-band light curve variations of $\sim$0.3 mag and H$\beta$ flux changing by a factor of $\sim$3. We measure robust time lags between the $V$-band continuum and the H$\alpha$, H$\beta$ and H$\gamma$ emission lines, with $\tau_\mathrm{cen} = 13.89^{+1.39}_{-1.41}$, 7.52$^{+1.43}_{-1.06}$ and 7.40$^{+1.50}_{-1.32}$ days, respectively. The lag for the \ion{He}{2} $\lambda4686$ emission line is unresolved. We measure a velocity-resolved lag for the H$\beta$ line, which is clearly asymmetric with higher lags on the blue wing of the line which decline to the red, possibly indicative of radial inflow, and is similar in morphology to past observations of the H$\beta$ transfer function shape. Assuming a virialization factor of $f$=5.5, we estimate a black hole mass of $M_\mathrm{BH}=6.2^{+1.4}_{-1.2}\times$10$^{6}$~$M_{\odot}$, also consistent with past measurements for this object. These results represent the first step to demonstrate the powerful robotic capabilities of LCOGT for long-term, AGN time domain campaigns that human intensive programs cannot easily accomplish. Arp 151 is now one of just a few AGN where the virial product is known to remain constant against substantial changes in H$\beta$ lag and luminosity.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL36
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
Volume813
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2015

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reverberation
robotics
time lag
observatory
telescopes
observatories
extremely high frequencies
H beta line
transfer function
active galaxies
inflow
active galactic nuclei
transfer functions
wings
light curve
spectrographs
resources
luminosity
ion
galaxies

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Valenti, S., Sand, D. J., Barth, A. J., Horne, K., Treu, T., Raganit, L., ... Winkler, H. (2015). Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 813(2), [L36]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/813/2/L36

Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151. / Valenti, S.; Sand, D. J.; Barth, A. J.; Horne, K.; Treu, T.; Raganit, L.; Boroson, T.; Crawford, S.; Pancoast, A.; Pei, L.; Romero-Colmenero, E.; Villforth, C.; Winkler, H.

In: The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 813, No. 2, L36, 05.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Valenti, S, Sand, DJ, Barth, AJ, Horne, K, Treu, T, Raganit, L, Boroson, T, Crawford, S, Pancoast, A, Pei, L, Romero-Colmenero, E, Villforth, C & Winkler, H 2015, 'Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151', The Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 813, no. 2, L36. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/813/2/L36
Valenti S, Sand DJ, Barth AJ, Horne K, Treu T, Raganit L et al. Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151. The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2015 Nov 5;813(2). L36. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/813/2/L36
Valenti, S. ; Sand, D. J. ; Barth, A. J. ; Horne, K. ; Treu, T. ; Raganit, L. ; Boroson, T. ; Crawford, S. ; Pancoast, A. ; Pei, L. ; Romero-Colmenero, E. ; Villforth, C. ; Winkler, H. / Robotic reverberation mapping of Arp 151. In: The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 813, No. 2.
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AU - Horne, K.

AU - Treu, T.

AU - Raganit, L.

AU - Boroson, T.

AU - Crawford, S.

AU - Pancoast, A.

AU - Pei, L.

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N2 - We present the first results from the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) Network's Active Galactic Nuclei Key Project, a large program devoted to using the robotic resources of LCOGT to perform time domain studies of active galaxies. We monitored the Seyfert 1 galaxy Arp~151 (Mrk~40) for $\sim$200 days with robotic imagers and with the FLOYDS robotic spectrograph at Faulkes Telescope North. Arp~151 was highly variable during this campaign, with $V$-band light curve variations of $\sim$0.3 mag and H$\beta$ flux changing by a factor of $\sim$3. We measure robust time lags between the $V$-band continuum and the H$\alpha$, H$\beta$ and H$\gamma$ emission lines, with $\tau_\mathrm{cen} = 13.89^{+1.39}_{-1.41}$, 7.52$^{+1.43}_{-1.06}$ and 7.40$^{+1.50}_{-1.32}$ days, respectively. The lag for the \ion{He}{2} $\lambda4686$ emission line is unresolved. We measure a velocity-resolved lag for the H$\beta$ line, which is clearly asymmetric with higher lags on the blue wing of the line which decline to the red, possibly indicative of radial inflow, and is similar in morphology to past observations of the H$\beta$ transfer function shape. Assuming a virialization factor of $f$=5.5, we estimate a black hole mass of $M_\mathrm{BH}=6.2^{+1.4}_{-1.2}\times$10$^{6}$~$M_{\odot}$, also consistent with past measurements for this object. These results represent the first step to demonstrate the powerful robotic capabilities of LCOGT for long-term, AGN time domain campaigns that human intensive programs cannot easily accomplish. Arp 151 is now one of just a few AGN where the virial product is known to remain constant against substantial changes in H$\beta$ lag and luminosity.

AB - We present the first results from the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope (LCOGT) Network's Active Galactic Nuclei Key Project, a large program devoted to using the robotic resources of LCOGT to perform time domain studies of active galaxies. We monitored the Seyfert 1 galaxy Arp~151 (Mrk~40) for $\sim$200 days with robotic imagers and with the FLOYDS robotic spectrograph at Faulkes Telescope North. Arp~151 was highly variable during this campaign, with $V$-band light curve variations of $\sim$0.3 mag and H$\beta$ flux changing by a factor of $\sim$3. We measure robust time lags between the $V$-band continuum and the H$\alpha$, H$\beta$ and H$\gamma$ emission lines, with $\tau_\mathrm{cen} = 13.89^{+1.39}_{-1.41}$, 7.52$^{+1.43}_{-1.06}$ and 7.40$^{+1.50}_{-1.32}$ days, respectively. The lag for the \ion{He}{2} $\lambda4686$ emission line is unresolved. We measure a velocity-resolved lag for the H$\beta$ line, which is clearly asymmetric with higher lags on the blue wing of the line which decline to the red, possibly indicative of radial inflow, and is similar in morphology to past observations of the H$\beta$ transfer function shape. Assuming a virialization factor of $f$=5.5, we estimate a black hole mass of $M_\mathrm{BH}=6.2^{+1.4}_{-1.2}\times$10$^{6}$~$M_{\odot}$, also consistent with past measurements for this object. These results represent the first step to demonstrate the powerful robotic capabilities of LCOGT for long-term, AGN time domain campaigns that human intensive programs cannot easily accomplish. Arp 151 is now one of just a few AGN where the virial product is known to remain constant against substantial changes in H$\beta$ lag and luminosity.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/813/2/L36

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