Rhythms of Creativity and Power in Freelance Creative Work

Frederick Pitts

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section

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Freelancers work for companies, but also apart from them - at home, on site, or in shared workspaces. This chapter examines how clients and freelancers manage and organise the employment relationship at a distance. Utilising interview data with freelancers working in the Dutch creative industries, Henri Lefebvre’s method of ‘rhythmanalysis’, Nitzan and Bichler’s theory of ‘capital as power’, and John Holloway’s understanding of human creativity as ‘doing’, the chapter examines the conflicting rhythms of freelance creative work. It shows that freelancers remain subject to traditional workplace-oriented structures of control, particularly in creative agencies. Freelancers’ use of time must correspond to client processes of measurement and valuation. Different client relationships, and the proximity they imply, produce different rhythms of work.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVirtual Workers and the Global Labour Market
EditorsJuliet Webster, Keith Randle
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISBN (Print)978-1-137-47919-8
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2016

Publication series

NameDynamics of Virtual Work
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan


  • Work
  • Labour
  • Creative Industries
  • Creative labour
  • Sociology of Work
  • critical management studies
  • organization
  • organization and management
  • Capital as Power
  • Lefebvre
  • rhythmanalysis
  • freelance work
  • Self-employment
  • labour process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Industrial relations
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Cultural Studies


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