Reviewing the Social GRACES: What Do They Add and Limit in Systemic Thinking and Practice?

Nicola Birdsey, Claudia Kustner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Social Graces framework is increasingly used within training institutions, as a means of encouraging learners to critically explore issues of social difference. Attending to issues of power and diversity is believed to help trainee family therapists become more alert to any biases that may impact on therapy. This review paper draws on the developing literature to examine what the social graces add and limit in systemic thinking and practice. It also considers an alternative approach for exploring power and difference in family therapy practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalThe American Journal of Family Therapy
Issue number6
Early online date7 Oct 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Oct 2020


  • Social graces, Intersectionality, Systemic practice, Trainee therapist

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