Reverse flow in academic mobility from core to periphery: motivations of international faculty working in Kazakhstan

Jack T. Lee, Aliya Kuzhabekova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Through expanding flows of labor and knowledge on a global scale, academics are increasingly mobile as higher education institutions compete for talent that transcends borders. However, talent often flows from the periphery to the core as scholars seek out employment in recognized institutions of higher learning in developed economies. This study examines faculty mobility in a reverse direction: from the core to Kazakhstan, the largest country in Central Asia. What factors persuade faculty members to relocate to Kazakhstan for full-time employment? What types of individuals pursue this relocation? Through interviews with international faculty members based in Kazakhstan, the study identifies push factors that trigger departure from one’s previous country of residence: job market, unsatisfactory work conditions, age, and marital status. Alternatively, Kazakhstan attracts scholars via pull factors that include salary, sense of adventure, and the opportunity to build new institutions and programs as well as conduct research. Unlike previous studies that highlight boundaryless mobility and individual agency, this study reveals constraints that mediate international faculty mobility. Furthermore, salary plays a limited role as a pull factor particularly among early career academics who are seeking research opportunities and meaningful contributions in building new academic programs and institutions.

LanguageEnglish
Pages369-386
Number of pages18
JournalHigher Education
Volume76
Issue number2
Early online date17 Nov 2017
DOIs
StatusPublished - 27 Jul 2018

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Kazakhstan
salary
academic career
new building
Central Asia
move
marital status
labor
economy
market
interview
learning
education

Keywords

  • Academic labor
  • Cross-border education
  • Faculty mobility
  • Internationalization
  • Migration
  • Transnational education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Reverse flow in academic mobility from core to periphery : motivations of international faculty working in Kazakhstan. / Lee, Jack T.; Kuzhabekova, Aliya.

In: Higher Education, Vol. 76, No. 2, 27.07.2018, p. 369-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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