Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing

Manu C. Mulakkal, Richard S. Trask, Valeska P. Ting, Annela M. Seddon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sustainable and cost-effective solutions are crucial for the widespread adoption of 4D printing technology. This paper focuses on the development of a cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for additive manufacture, presenting the development and physical characterisation (stability, swelling potential and rheology) of the cellulose-hydrogel composite to establish its suitability for 4D printing of responsive structures. The use of a carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrocolloid with incorporated cellulose pulp fibres resulted in an ink with a high total cellulose content (fibre volume fraction ≈50% for the dehydrated composite) and good dispersion of fibres within the hydrogel matrix. The composite ink formulation developed in this study permitted smooth extrusion using an open source 3D printer to achieve controlled material placement in 3D space while retaining the functionality of the cellulose. The addition of montmorillonite clay not only resulted in enhanced storage stability of the composite ink formulations but also had a beneficial effect on the extrusion characteristics. The ability to precisely apply the ink via 3D printing was demonstrated through fabrication of a complex structure capable of morphing according to pre-determined design rules in response to hydration/dehydration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-118
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume160
Early online date7 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Hydrogel
Ink
Hydrogels
Cellulose
Printing
Composite materials
Extrusion
Fibers
3D printers
Bentonite
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Colloids
Dehydration
Rheology
Hydration
Pulp
Swelling
Clay minerals
Volume fraction
Clay

Keywords

  • 4D materials
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Cellulose-hydrogel
  • Composite morphing
  • Stimuli-responsive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Mulakkal, M. C., Trask, R. S., Ting, V. P., & Seddon, A. M. (2018). Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing. Materials and Design, 160, 108-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2018.09.009

Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing. / Mulakkal, Manu C.; Trask, Richard S.; Ting, Valeska P.; Seddon, Annela M.

In: Materials and Design, Vol. 160, 15.12.2018, p. 108-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mulakkal, MC, Trask, RS, Ting, VP & Seddon, AM 2018, 'Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing', Materials and Design, vol. 160, pp. 108-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2018.09.009
Mulakkal, Manu C. ; Trask, Richard S. ; Ting, Valeska P. ; Seddon, Annela M. / Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing. In: Materials and Design. 2018 ; Vol. 160. pp. 108-118.
@article{1496823487444e3da6958a6fe327da6f,
title = "Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing",
abstract = "Sustainable and cost-effective solutions are crucial for the widespread adoption of 4D printing technology. This paper focuses on the development of a cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for additive manufacture, presenting the development and physical characterisation (stability, swelling potential and rheology) of the cellulose-hydrogel composite to establish its suitability for 4D printing of responsive structures. The use of a carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrocolloid with incorporated cellulose pulp fibres resulted in an ink with a high total cellulose content (fibre volume fraction ≈50{\%} for the dehydrated composite) and good dispersion of fibres within the hydrogel matrix. The composite ink formulation developed in this study permitted smooth extrusion using an open source 3D printer to achieve controlled material placement in 3D space while retaining the functionality of the cellulose. The addition of montmorillonite clay not only resulted in enhanced storage stability of the composite ink formulations but also had a beneficial effect on the extrusion characteristics. The ability to precisely apply the ink via 3D printing was demonstrated through fabrication of a complex structure capable of morphing according to pre-determined design rules in response to hydration/dehydration.",
keywords = "4D materials, Additive manufacturing, Cellulose-hydrogel, Composite morphing, Stimuli-responsive",
author = "Mulakkal, {Manu C.} and Trask, {Richard S.} and Ting, {Valeska P.} and Seddon, {Annela M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.matdes.2018.09.009",
language = "English",
volume = "160",
pages = "108--118",
journal = "Materials & Design",
issn = "0261-3069",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Responsive cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for 4D printing

AU - Mulakkal, Manu C.

AU - Trask, Richard S.

AU - Ting, Valeska P.

AU - Seddon, Annela M.

PY - 2018/12/15

Y1 - 2018/12/15

N2 - Sustainable and cost-effective solutions are crucial for the widespread adoption of 4D printing technology. This paper focuses on the development of a cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for additive manufacture, presenting the development and physical characterisation (stability, swelling potential and rheology) of the cellulose-hydrogel composite to establish its suitability for 4D printing of responsive structures. The use of a carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrocolloid with incorporated cellulose pulp fibres resulted in an ink with a high total cellulose content (fibre volume fraction ≈50% for the dehydrated composite) and good dispersion of fibres within the hydrogel matrix. The composite ink formulation developed in this study permitted smooth extrusion using an open source 3D printer to achieve controlled material placement in 3D space while retaining the functionality of the cellulose. The addition of montmorillonite clay not only resulted in enhanced storage stability of the composite ink formulations but also had a beneficial effect on the extrusion characteristics. The ability to precisely apply the ink via 3D printing was demonstrated through fabrication of a complex structure capable of morphing according to pre-determined design rules in response to hydration/dehydration.

AB - Sustainable and cost-effective solutions are crucial for the widespread adoption of 4D printing technology. This paper focuses on the development of a cellulose-hydrogel composite ink for additive manufacture, presenting the development and physical characterisation (stability, swelling potential and rheology) of the cellulose-hydrogel composite to establish its suitability for 4D printing of responsive structures. The use of a carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) hydrocolloid with incorporated cellulose pulp fibres resulted in an ink with a high total cellulose content (fibre volume fraction ≈50% for the dehydrated composite) and good dispersion of fibres within the hydrogel matrix. The composite ink formulation developed in this study permitted smooth extrusion using an open source 3D printer to achieve controlled material placement in 3D space while retaining the functionality of the cellulose. The addition of montmorillonite clay not only resulted in enhanced storage stability of the composite ink formulations but also had a beneficial effect on the extrusion characteristics. The ability to precisely apply the ink via 3D printing was demonstrated through fabrication of a complex structure capable of morphing according to pre-determined design rules in response to hydration/dehydration.

KW - 4D materials

KW - Additive manufacturing

KW - Cellulose-hydrogel

KW - Composite morphing

KW - Stimuli-responsive

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053196530&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.09.009

DO - 10.1016/j.matdes.2018.09.009

M3 - Article

VL - 160

SP - 108

EP - 118

JO - Materials & Design

JF - Materials & Design

SN - 0261-3069

ER -