Response of the mesopause region dynamics to the February 2001 stratospheric warming

C Jacobi, D Kurschner, H G Muller, D Pancheva, N J Mitchell, B Naujokat

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The response of the mesosphere/lower-thermosphere (MLT) region to a major stratospheric warming in Europe during winter 2000/2001 has been investigated using mesopause-region winds measured by meteor radar or the LF-D1 method over three stations (Castle Eaton, 52degreesN; Collm, 52degreesN; and Esrange 68degreesN). The vertical wind structure measured over the three sites, and its time evolution, are found to be quite similar despite the different techniques used in the measurements. The effects of stratospheric warming are very clear, and are similar over both the mid-latitude and high-latitude sites. The warming resulted in a reversal of both the zonal and meridional wind. In the zonal component, this reversal was apparently associated with a planetary-wave oscillation with a period of similar to 10 days. The effect was most conspicuous in the vertical prevailing wind gradients. The mesopause-region effects thus seem to be the results of a superposition of an intensifying planetary wave and a slow overall decrease in the strength of the zonal prevailing winds. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-855
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume65
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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