Renewable Electricity Enables Green Routes to Fine Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals

Ayesha Murtaza, Muhammad Awais Qamar, Kaynat Saleem, Tomas Hardwick, U. Zia, Bahareh Shirinfar, Nisar Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)


Syntheses of chemicals using renewable electricity and when generating high atom economies are considered green and sustainable processes. In the present state of affairs, electrochemical manufacturing of fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals is not as common place as it could be and therefore, merits more attention. There is also a need to turn attention toward the electrochemical synthesis of valuable chemicals from recyclable greenhouse gases that can accelerate the process of circular economy. CO2 emissions are the major contributor to human-induced global warming. CO2 conversion into chemicals is a valuable application of its utilisation and will contribute to circular economy while maintaining environmental sustainability. Herein, we present an overview of electro-carboxylation, including mechanistic aspects, which forms carboxylic acids using molecular carbon dioxide. We also discuss atom economies of electrochemical fluorination, methoxylation and amide formation reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202100296
JournalChemical Record
Issue number5
Early online date1 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support from Cardiff University to Dr. Nisar Ahmed is gratefully acknowledged. We would like to thank Dr. G.M. Martins for valuable technical assistance and discussions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Published by The Chemical Society of Japan & Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • Circular economy
  • Electro-amides
  • Electro-carboxylation
  • Electro-fluorinations
  • Electro-methoxylations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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