Relationship of foot conformation and force applied to the navicular bone of sound horses at the trot

E Eliashar, M P McGuigan, A M Wilson

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76 Citations (Scopus)


Reasons for performing study: Collapsed heels conformation has been implicated as causing radical biomechanical alterations, predisposing horses to navicular disease. However, the correlation between hoof conformation and the forces exerted on the navicular bone has not been documented. Hypothesis: The angle of the distal phalanx in relation to the ground is correlated to the degree of heel collapse and foot conformation is correlated to the compressive force exerted by the deep digital flexor tendon on the navicular bone. Methods: Thirty-one shod Irish Draught-cross type horses in routine work and farriery care were trotted over a forceplate, with 3-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system. A lateromedial radiograph of the right fore foot was obtained for each horse, and various measurements taken. Correlation coefficients were determined between hoof conformation measurements and between each of these and the force parameters at the beginning (15%) of stance phase, the middle of stance (50%) and at the beginning of breakover (86% of stance phase). Significance was defined as P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-435
Number of pages5
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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