Relations of Parent- and Coach-Initiated Motivational Climates to Young Athletes’ Self-Esteem, Performance Anxiety, and Autonomous Motivation: Who Is More Influential?

Daniel J. O’rourke, Ronald E. Smith, Frank L. Smoll, Sean P. Cumming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivational climate research has focused more empirical attention on coach-initiated motivational climate than on the parent-initiated climate. In this study of 238 competitive swimmers (ages 9–14 years), we compared the strength of relations between athletes’ late-season perceptions of coach and parent-initiated climates and their self-esteem, performance anxiety, and intrinsic–extrinsic motivation. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that parent-initiated motivational climate was a significant predictor of late-season self-esteem, trait anxiety, and autonomous regulation over and above coach-initiated motivational climate. We discuss when and why the parent-initiated climate is likely to be more influential and imply that more empirical attention to parents is warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-408
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Volume26
Issue number4
Early online date21 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2014

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