Objective: To identify long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) associated with the inflammatory phenotype of synovial fibroblasts from obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and to explore the expression and function of these lncRNAs. Methods: Synovium was collected from normal-weight patients with hip fracture (non-OA; n = 6) and from normal-weight (n = 8) and obese (n = 8) patients with hip OA. Expression of RNA was determined by RNA-sequencing and quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. Knockdown of lncRNA was performed using LNA-based GapmeRs. Synovial fibroblast cytokine production was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Synovial fibroblasts from obese patients with OA secreted greater levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) (mean ± SEM 162 ± 21 pg/ml; P < 0.001) and CXCL8 (262 ± 67 pg/ml; P < 0.05) compared to fibroblasts from normal-weight patients with OA (IL-6, 51 ± 4 pg/ml; CXCL8, 78 ± 11 pg/ml) or non-OA patients (IL-6, 35 ± 3 pg/ml; CXCL8, 56 ± 6 pg/ml) (n = 6 patients per group). RNA-sequencing revealed that fibroblasts from obese OA patients exhibited an inflammatory transcriptome, with increased expression of proinflammatory messenger RNAs (mRNAs) as compared to that in fibroblasts from normal-weight OA or non-OA patients (>2-fold change, P < 0.05; n = 4 patients per group). A total of 19 lncRNAs were differentially expressed between normal-weight OA and non-OA patient fibroblasts, and a further 19 lncRNAs were differentially expressed in fibroblasts from obese OA patients compared to normal-weight OA patients (>2-fold change, P < 0.05 for each), which included the lncRNA for metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1). MALAT1 was rapidly induced upon stimulation of OA synovial fibroblasts with proinflammatory cytokines, and was up-regulated in the synovium from obese OA patients as compared to normal-weight OA patients (1.6-fold change, P < 0.001) or non-OA patients (6-fold change, P < 0.001). MALAT1 knockdown in OA synovial fibroblasts (n = 4 patients) decreased the levels of mRNA expression and protein secretion of CXCL8 (>1.5-fold change, P < 0.01), whereas it increased expression of mRNAs for TRIM6 (>2-fold change, P < 0.01), IL7R (<2-fold change, P < 0.01), HIST1H1C (>1.5-fold change, P < 0.001), and MAML3 (>1.5-fold change, P < 0.001). In addition, MALAT1 knockdown inhibited the proliferation of synovial fibroblasts from obese patients with OA. Conclusion: Synovial fibroblasts from obese patients with hip OA exhibit an inflammatory phenotype. MALAT1 lncRNA may mediate joint inflammation in obese OA patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy