he entomopathogenic fungus metarhizium anisopliae produces several cuticle-degrading proteases which may play a role in pathogenesis. The regulation of one of these, a trypsin-like protease PR2, has been investigated using depressed mycelia. Three insoluble protein sources, insect cuticle, elastin and collagen, as well as two soluble proteins, BSA and gelatin, induced PR2. The polymeric carbon sources cellulose and xylan resulted in depressed basal levels but not induced production of PR2. An approximately 15-fold increase in PR2 activity per mg dry weight of mycelium was observed when the fungus was grown in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA), as compared with conditions of depression alone. This indicates that PR2 is induced by BSA, and probably by other proteins. Basal levels of PR2 were detected after 8 h when mycelium was starved for both carbon and nitrogen but only after 16 h when starved for either nitrogen or carbon. In the presence of a protein source, nitrogen strongly repressed PR2 whereas carbon had little effect. There was no effect of sulphur on PR2 production.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||FEMS Microbiology Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|