Regulation of interleukin -3-induced substrate phosphorylation and cell survival by the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 (Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase)

H Wheadon, C E Edmead, M J Welham

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Abstract

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The cytosolic SHP-2 (Src homology protein tyrosine phosphatase 2) has previously been implicated in IL-3 (interleukin-3) signalling [Bone, Dechert, Jirik, Schrader and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 14470 –14476; Craddock and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 29281–29289; Welham, Dechert, Leslie, Jirik and Schrader (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 23764–23768; Qu, Nguyen, Chen and Feng (2001) Blood 97, 911–914]. To investigate the role of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling in greater detail, we have inducibly expressed WT (wild-type) or two potentially substrate-trapping mutant forms of SHP-2, generated by mutation of Asp-425 to Ala (D425A) or Cyst-459 to Ser (C459S), in IL-3-dependent BaF/3 cells. Effects on IL-3-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, signal transduction and functional responses were examined. Expression of C459S SHP-2 protected the b-chain of the murine IL-3R (IL-3 receptor), the adaptor protein Gab2 (Grb2-associated binder 2), and a cytosolic protein of 48 kDa from tyrosine dephosphorylation, consistent with them being bona fide substrates of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling. The tyrosine phosphorylation of a 135 kDa transmembrane protein was also protected upon expression of C459S SHP-2. We have identified the inhibitory immunoreceptor PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)/CD31 (cluster determinant 31) as a component of this 135 kDa substrate and also show that IL-3 can induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1. Expression of WT, C459S and D425A forms of SHP-2 had little effect on IL-3-driven proliferation or STAT5 (signal transduction and activators of transcription) phosphorylation or activation of protein kinase B. However, expression of WT SHP-2 increased ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) activation. Interestingly, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased ERK activation at later times after IL-3 stimulation, but potentiated IL-3-induced activation of Jun N-terminal kinases. In addition, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased cell survival in suboptimal IL-3 and upon IL-3 withdrawal. These findings indicate that SHP-2 plays an important role in mediating the anti-apoptotic effect of IL-3 and raises the possibility that PECAM-1 participates in the modulation of cytokine-induced signals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-157
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume376
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Protein Phosphatase 2
Phosphorylation
Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
Interleukin-3
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Tyrosine
Cell Survival
Cells
Substrates
Cysts
CD31 Antigens
Chemical activation
Signal transduction
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Signal Transduction
Interleukin-3 Receptors
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Proteins
Transcription
Binders

Keywords

  • Gab2
  • Aic2A (b-chain of the murine IL-3R)
  • SHP-2
  • substrate-trapping
  • PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)

Cite this

@article{f310080a504144b19ebeadc39e564516,
title = "Regulation of interleukin -3-induced substrate phosphorylation and cell survival by the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 (Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase)",
abstract = "-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The cytosolic SHP-2 (Src homology protein tyrosine phosphatase 2) has previously been implicated in IL-3 (interleukin-3) signalling [Bone, Dechert, Jirik, Schrader and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 14470 –14476; Craddock and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 29281–29289; Welham, Dechert, Leslie, Jirik and Schrader (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 23764–23768; Qu, Nguyen, Chen and Feng (2001) Blood 97, 911–914]. To investigate the role of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling in greater detail, we have inducibly expressed WT (wild-type) or two potentially substrate-trapping mutant forms of SHP-2, generated by mutation of Asp-425 to Ala (D425A) or Cyst-459 to Ser (C459S), in IL-3-dependent BaF/3 cells. Effects on IL-3-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, signal transduction and functional responses were examined. Expression of C459S SHP-2 protected the b-chain of the murine IL-3R (IL-3 receptor), the adaptor protein Gab2 (Grb2-associated binder 2), and a cytosolic protein of 48 kDa from tyrosine dephosphorylation, consistent with them being bona fide substrates of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling. The tyrosine phosphorylation of a 135 kDa transmembrane protein was also protected upon expression of C459S SHP-2. We have identified the inhibitory immunoreceptor PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)/CD31 (cluster determinant 31) as a component of this 135 kDa substrate and also show that IL-3 can induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1. Expression of WT, C459S and D425A forms of SHP-2 had little effect on IL-3-driven proliferation or STAT5 (signal transduction and activators of transcription) phosphorylation or activation of protein kinase B. However, expression of WT SHP-2 increased ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) activation. Interestingly, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased ERK activation at later times after IL-3 stimulation, but potentiated IL-3-induced activation of Jun N-terminal kinases. In addition, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased cell survival in suboptimal IL-3 and upon IL-3 withdrawal. These findings indicate that SHP-2 plays an important role in mediating the anti-apoptotic effect of IL-3 and raises the possibility that PECAM-1 participates in the modulation of cytokine-induced signals.",
keywords = "Gab2, Aic2A (b-chain of the murine IL-3R), SHP-2, substrate-trapping, PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)",
author = "H Wheadon and Edmead, {C E} and Welham, {M J}",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
volume = "376",
pages = "147--157",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press Ltd.",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of interleukin -3-induced substrate phosphorylation and cell survival by the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 (Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase)

AU - Wheadon, H

AU - Edmead, C E

AU - Welham, M J

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The cytosolic SHP-2 (Src homology protein tyrosine phosphatase 2) has previously been implicated in IL-3 (interleukin-3) signalling [Bone, Dechert, Jirik, Schrader and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 14470 –14476; Craddock and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 29281–29289; Welham, Dechert, Leslie, Jirik and Schrader (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 23764–23768; Qu, Nguyen, Chen and Feng (2001) Blood 97, 911–914]. To investigate the role of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling in greater detail, we have inducibly expressed WT (wild-type) or two potentially substrate-trapping mutant forms of SHP-2, generated by mutation of Asp-425 to Ala (D425A) or Cyst-459 to Ser (C459S), in IL-3-dependent BaF/3 cells. Effects on IL-3-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, signal transduction and functional responses were examined. Expression of C459S SHP-2 protected the b-chain of the murine IL-3R (IL-3 receptor), the adaptor protein Gab2 (Grb2-associated binder 2), and a cytosolic protein of 48 kDa from tyrosine dephosphorylation, consistent with them being bona fide substrates of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling. The tyrosine phosphorylation of a 135 kDa transmembrane protein was also protected upon expression of C459S SHP-2. We have identified the inhibitory immunoreceptor PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)/CD31 (cluster determinant 31) as a component of this 135 kDa substrate and also show that IL-3 can induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1. Expression of WT, C459S and D425A forms of SHP-2 had little effect on IL-3-driven proliferation or STAT5 (signal transduction and activators of transcription) phosphorylation or activation of protein kinase B. However, expression of WT SHP-2 increased ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) activation. Interestingly, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased ERK activation at later times after IL-3 stimulation, but potentiated IL-3-induced activation of Jun N-terminal kinases. In addition, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased cell survival in suboptimal IL-3 and upon IL-3 withdrawal. These findings indicate that SHP-2 plays an important role in mediating the anti-apoptotic effect of IL-3 and raises the possibility that PECAM-1 participates in the modulation of cytokine-induced signals.

AB - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The cytosolic SHP-2 (Src homology protein tyrosine phosphatase 2) has previously been implicated in IL-3 (interleukin-3) signalling [Bone, Dechert, Jirik, Schrader and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 14470 –14476; Craddock and Welham (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 29281–29289; Welham, Dechert, Leslie, Jirik and Schrader (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 23764–23768; Qu, Nguyen, Chen and Feng (2001) Blood 97, 911–914]. To investigate the role of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling in greater detail, we have inducibly expressed WT (wild-type) or two potentially substrate-trapping mutant forms of SHP-2, generated by mutation of Asp-425 to Ala (D425A) or Cyst-459 to Ser (C459S), in IL-3-dependent BaF/3 cells. Effects on IL-3-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, signal transduction and functional responses were examined. Expression of C459S SHP-2 protected the b-chain of the murine IL-3R (IL-3 receptor), the adaptor protein Gab2 (Grb2-associated binder 2), and a cytosolic protein of 48 kDa from tyrosine dephosphorylation, consistent with them being bona fide substrates of SHP-2 in IL-3 signalling. The tyrosine phosphorylation of a 135 kDa transmembrane protein was also protected upon expression of C459S SHP-2. We have identified the inhibitory immunoreceptor PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)/CD31 (cluster determinant 31) as a component of this 135 kDa substrate and also show that IL-3 can induce tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1. Expression of WT, C459S and D425A forms of SHP-2 had little effect on IL-3-driven proliferation or STAT5 (signal transduction and activators of transcription) phosphorylation or activation of protein kinase B. However, expression of WT SHP-2 increased ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) activation. Interestingly, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased ERK activation at later times after IL-3 stimulation, but potentiated IL-3-induced activation of Jun N-terminal kinases. In addition, expression of C459S SHP-2 decreased cell survival in suboptimal IL-3 and upon IL-3 withdrawal. These findings indicate that SHP-2 plays an important role in mediating the anti-apoptotic effect of IL-3 and raises the possibility that PECAM-1 participates in the modulation of cytokine-induced signals.

KW - Gab2

KW - Aic2A (b-chain of the murine IL-3R)

KW - SHP-2

KW - substrate-trapping

KW - PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1)

UR - http://www.biochemj.org/bj/376/bj3760147.htm

M3 - Article

VL - 376

SP - 147

EP - 157

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

IS - 1

ER -