Recently, there has been a revival of interest in 'clerical fascism' and the belief that fascism, especially in its Nazi and Italian variants, were forms of 'political religion'. Both approaches reveal insights into the dynamics and nature of fascism. However, relatively few leading members of the churches can be considered true fascists. Moreover, the political religion interpretation of generic fascism focuses unduly on culture and form over belief and function. It overstates the affective side of fascist support compared to its more rational appeals. The latter were in part linked to serious fascist ideological views about creating a new Third Way (neither capitalist nor socialist) state, and to scientific views about geopolitics and race.
|Title of host publication||Religious Fundamentalism and Political Extremism|
|Editors||Leonard Weinberg, Ami Pedahzur|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|Name||Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions|
Eatwell, R. (2004). Reflections on Fascism and Religion. In L. Weinberg, & A. Pedahzur (Eds.), Religious Fundamentalism and Political Extremism (pp. 149-171). (Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions). Frank Cass.