Reduced risk of catastrophic optical mirror damage in high power tapered lasers using intra-cavity diverging lens

Chyng Wen Tee, Fat Kit Lau, Xin Zhao, Richard Penty, Ian White, Michel Calligaro, Michel Lecomte, Olivier Parillaud, Nicolas Michel, Michel Krakowski

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


This paper approaches the problem of catastrophic optical mirror damage from a geometrical waveguide point of view. Instead of engineering the characteristics of the semiconductor material at the facet of the laser using quantum-well intermixing or other sophisticated wafer growth technique, a simple intra-cavity diverging lens concept is proposed and demonstrated to be capable of effectively expanding the lateral optical mode in order to counter the effect of SHB and thermal lensing effect, thereby reducing the risk of COMD. The Gaussian output beam profile is maintained throughout the whole of the current range tested, showing that expanding the nearfield at facet using integrated lens does not compromise the brightness of the laser. A key finding in this work is that the diverging effect on an optical mode is a thoroughly scalable effect that can be engineered by varying the etch-depth of the integrated lens. Fabrication of the lens is compatible with existing laser manufacturing process flow in that it can be easily implemented either by postprocessing technology or by an additional lithographical step. This opens up new possibility in device design, with the beam width along the lateral direction being a parameter that can be optimized in isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics II
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2006
EventSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics II - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 3 Apr 20066 Apr 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceSemiconductor Lasers and Laser Dynamics II


  • Beam quality
  • Catastrophic optical mirror damage
  • Diffraction
  • High brightness laser
  • High power laser
  • Intra-cavity lens
  • Post-processing technology
  • Tapered laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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