Reduce, reuse, recycle: Visual rerepresentation of design engineering knowledge

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


The exponential growth of data and information artefacts in engineering organisations are one of the biggest limitations for engineers reusing design knowledge. Approaches to support efficient information access are critical for design. In this paper, we demonstrate an exemplar 'Super Document' principle using knowledge 'Reduce, Reuse, Recycle' process. Evidence suggests such recycled representations can reduce the time engineers spend on gathering information from documents by up to 70%. We outline the 'Reduce, Reuse, Recycle' approach using empirical studies with in-service aerospace design engineers. We suggest visual representations better record and communicate information for design engineers, resulting in a time saving of 70% per design in document information seeking. The infographic 'Super Document' created uses visual re-representation of large knowledge artefacts - reducing a 100-page design document to a single page. An insight into the next steps for this research concludes this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Manufacturing Technology XXXIV - Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, ICMR 2021, incorporating the 35th National Conference on Manufacturing Research
EditorsMahmoud Shafik, Keith Case
PublisherIOS Press BV
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781614994398
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2021
Event18th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, ICMR 2021 - Derby, UK United Kingdom
Duration: 7 Sept 202110 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameAdvances in Transdisciplinary Engineering
PublisherIOS Press
ISSN (Print)2352-751X
ISSN (Electronic)2352-7528


Conference18th International Conference on Manufacturing Research, ICMR 2021
Country/TerritoryUK United Kingdom


  • Aerospace In-Service
  • Design Engineering
  • Knowledge Management
  • Knowledge Reuse
  • Visual Information Representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Software
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Strategy and Management


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