Redox markers for drought-induced nodule senescence, a process occurring after drought-induced senescence of the lowest leaves in soybean (Glycine max)

Belén Marquez-Garcia, Daniel Shaw, James William Cooper, Barbara Karpinska, Marian Dorcas Quain, Eugene Matome Makgopa, Karl Kunert, Christine Helen Foyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Water is an increasingly scarce resource that limits crop productivity in many parts of the world, and the frequency and severity of drought are predicted to increase as a result of climate change. Improving tolerance to drought stress is therefore important for maximizing future crop yields. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of drought on soybean (Glycine max) leaves and nodules in order to define phenotypic markers and changes in cellular redox state that characterize the stress response in different organs, and to characterize the relationships between leaf and nodule senescence during drought.

METHODS: Leaf and crown nodule metabolite pools were measured together with leaf and soil water contents, and leaf chlorophyll, total protein contents and chlorophyll a fluorescence quenching parameters in nodulated soybeans that were grown under either well-watered conditions or deprived of water for up to 21 d.

KEY RESULTS: Ureides, ascorbate, protein, chlorophyll and the ratios of variable chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fv') to maximal chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fm') fell to levels below detection in the oldest leaves after 21 d of drought. While these drought-induced responses were not observed in the youngest leaf ranks, the Fv'/Fm' ratios, pyridine nucleotide levels and the reduction state of the ascorbate pool were lower in all leaf ranks after 21 d of drought. In contrast to leaves, total nodule protein, pyridine nucleotides, ureides, ascorbate and glutathione contents increased as a result of the drought treatment. However, the nodule ascorbate pool was significantly less reduced as a result of drought. Higher levels of transcripts encoding two peroxiredoxins were detected in nodules exposed to drought stress but senescence-associated transcripts and other mRNAs encoding redox-related proteins were similar under both conditions.

CONCLUSIONS: While the physiological impact of the drought was perceived throughout the shoot, stress-induced senescence occurred only in the oldest leaf ranks. At this stage, a number of drought-induced changes in nodule metabolites were observed but no metabolite or transcript markers of senescence could be detected. It is concluded that stress-induced senescence in the lowest leaf ranks precedes nodule senescence, suggesting that leaves of low photosynthetic capacity are sacrificed in favour of nodule nitrogen metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-510
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of Botany
Volume116
Issue number4
Early online date7 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Biomarkers/metabolism
  • Climate Change
  • Droughts
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Plant Leaves/growth & development
  • Soybeans/genetics
  • Stress, Physiological

Cite this

Redox markers for drought-induced nodule senescence, a process occurring after drought-induced senescence of the lowest leaves in soybean (Glycine max). / Marquez-Garcia, Belén; Shaw, Daniel; Cooper, James William; Karpinska, Barbara; Quain, Marian Dorcas; Makgopa, Eugene Matome; Kunert, Karl; Foyer, Christine Helen.

In: Annals of Botany, Vol. 116, No. 4, 30.09.2015, p. 497-510.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marquez-Garcia, Belén ; Shaw, Daniel ; Cooper, James William ; Karpinska, Barbara ; Quain, Marian Dorcas ; Makgopa, Eugene Matome ; Kunert, Karl ; Foyer, Christine Helen. / Redox markers for drought-induced nodule senescence, a process occurring after drought-induced senescence of the lowest leaves in soybean (Glycine max). In: Annals of Botany. 2015 ; Vol. 116, No. 4. pp. 497-510.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Water is an increasingly scarce resource that limits crop productivity in many parts of the world, and the frequency and severity of drought are predicted to increase as a result of climate change. Improving tolerance to drought stress is therefore important for maximizing future crop yields. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of drought on soybean (Glycine max) leaves and nodules in order to define phenotypic markers and changes in cellular redox state that characterize the stress response in different organs, and to characterize the relationships between leaf and nodule senescence during drought.METHODS: Leaf and crown nodule metabolite pools were measured together with leaf and soil water contents, and leaf chlorophyll, total protein contents and chlorophyll a fluorescence quenching parameters in nodulated soybeans that were grown under either well-watered conditions or deprived of water for up to 21 d.KEY RESULTS: Ureides, ascorbate, protein, chlorophyll and the ratios of variable chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fv') to maximal chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fm') fell to levels below detection in the oldest leaves after 21 d of drought. While these drought-induced responses were not observed in the youngest leaf ranks, the Fv'/Fm' ratios, pyridine nucleotide levels and the reduction state of the ascorbate pool were lower in all leaf ranks after 21 d of drought. In contrast to leaves, total nodule protein, pyridine nucleotides, ureides, ascorbate and glutathione contents increased as a result of the drought treatment. However, the nodule ascorbate pool was significantly less reduced as a result of drought. Higher levels of transcripts encoding two peroxiredoxins were detected in nodules exposed to drought stress but senescence-associated transcripts and other mRNAs encoding redox-related proteins were similar under both conditions.CONCLUSIONS: While the physiological impact of the drought was perceived throughout the shoot, stress-induced senescence occurred only in the oldest leaf ranks. At this stage, a number of drought-induced changes in nodule metabolites were observed but no metabolite or transcript markers of senescence could be detected. It is concluded that stress-induced senescence in the lowest leaf ranks precedes nodule senescence, suggesting that leaves of low photosynthetic capacity are sacrificed in favour of nodule nitrogen metabolism.",
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T1 - Redox markers for drought-induced nodule senescence, a process occurring after drought-induced senescence of the lowest leaves in soybean (Glycine max)

AU - Marquez-Garcia, Belén

AU - Shaw, Daniel

AU - Cooper, James William

AU - Karpinska, Barbara

AU - Quain, Marian Dorcas

AU - Makgopa, Eugene Matome

AU - Kunert, Karl

AU - Foyer, Christine Helen

N1 - © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany Company. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2015/9/30

Y1 - 2015/9/30

N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Water is an increasingly scarce resource that limits crop productivity in many parts of the world, and the frequency and severity of drought are predicted to increase as a result of climate change. Improving tolerance to drought stress is therefore important for maximizing future crop yields. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of drought on soybean (Glycine max) leaves and nodules in order to define phenotypic markers and changes in cellular redox state that characterize the stress response in different organs, and to characterize the relationships between leaf and nodule senescence during drought.METHODS: Leaf and crown nodule metabolite pools were measured together with leaf and soil water contents, and leaf chlorophyll, total protein contents and chlorophyll a fluorescence quenching parameters in nodulated soybeans that were grown under either well-watered conditions or deprived of water for up to 21 d.KEY RESULTS: Ureides, ascorbate, protein, chlorophyll and the ratios of variable chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fv') to maximal chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fm') fell to levels below detection in the oldest leaves after 21 d of drought. While these drought-induced responses were not observed in the youngest leaf ranks, the Fv'/Fm' ratios, pyridine nucleotide levels and the reduction state of the ascorbate pool were lower in all leaf ranks after 21 d of drought. In contrast to leaves, total nodule protein, pyridine nucleotides, ureides, ascorbate and glutathione contents increased as a result of the drought treatment. However, the nodule ascorbate pool was significantly less reduced as a result of drought. Higher levels of transcripts encoding two peroxiredoxins were detected in nodules exposed to drought stress but senescence-associated transcripts and other mRNAs encoding redox-related proteins were similar under both conditions.CONCLUSIONS: While the physiological impact of the drought was perceived throughout the shoot, stress-induced senescence occurred only in the oldest leaf ranks. At this stage, a number of drought-induced changes in nodule metabolites were observed but no metabolite or transcript markers of senescence could be detected. It is concluded that stress-induced senescence in the lowest leaf ranks precedes nodule senescence, suggesting that leaves of low photosynthetic capacity are sacrificed in favour of nodule nitrogen metabolism.

AB - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Water is an increasingly scarce resource that limits crop productivity in many parts of the world, and the frequency and severity of drought are predicted to increase as a result of climate change. Improving tolerance to drought stress is therefore important for maximizing future crop yields. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of drought on soybean (Glycine max) leaves and nodules in order to define phenotypic markers and changes in cellular redox state that characterize the stress response in different organs, and to characterize the relationships between leaf and nodule senescence during drought.METHODS: Leaf and crown nodule metabolite pools were measured together with leaf and soil water contents, and leaf chlorophyll, total protein contents and chlorophyll a fluorescence quenching parameters in nodulated soybeans that were grown under either well-watered conditions or deprived of water for up to 21 d.KEY RESULTS: Ureides, ascorbate, protein, chlorophyll and the ratios of variable chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fv') to maximal chlorophyll a fluorescence (Fm') fell to levels below detection in the oldest leaves after 21 d of drought. While these drought-induced responses were not observed in the youngest leaf ranks, the Fv'/Fm' ratios, pyridine nucleotide levels and the reduction state of the ascorbate pool were lower in all leaf ranks after 21 d of drought. In contrast to leaves, total nodule protein, pyridine nucleotides, ureides, ascorbate and glutathione contents increased as a result of the drought treatment. However, the nodule ascorbate pool was significantly less reduced as a result of drought. Higher levels of transcripts encoding two peroxiredoxins were detected in nodules exposed to drought stress but senescence-associated transcripts and other mRNAs encoding redox-related proteins were similar under both conditions.CONCLUSIONS: While the physiological impact of the drought was perceived throughout the shoot, stress-induced senescence occurred only in the oldest leaf ranks. At this stage, a number of drought-induced changes in nodule metabolites were observed but no metabolite or transcript markers of senescence could be detected. It is concluded that stress-induced senescence in the lowest leaf ranks precedes nodule senescence, suggesting that leaves of low photosynthetic capacity are sacrificed in favour of nodule nitrogen metabolism.

KW - Biomarkers/metabolism

KW - Climate Change

KW - Droughts

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Plant Leaves/growth & development

KW - Soybeans/genetics

KW - Stress, Physiological

U2 - 10.1093/aob/mcv030

DO - 10.1093/aob/mcv030

M3 - Article

VL - 116

SP - 497

EP - 510

JO - Annals of Botany

JF - Annals of Botany

SN - 0305-7364

IS - 4

ER -