Recent status and challenges in multifunctional electrocatalysis based on 2D MXenes

Srikanth Ponnada, Maryam Sadat Kiai, Demudu Babu Gorle, Rapaka S.C. Bose, Venkatachalam Rajagopal, Bhagirath Saini, Murugavel Kathiresan, Annapurna Nowduri, Rahul Singhal, Frank Marken, Manickam Anbu Kulandainathan, Karuna Kar Nanda, Rakesh K. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)


Due to their chemical and electrical characteristics, such as metallic conductivity, redox-activity in transition metals, high hydrophilicity, and adjustable surface properties, MXenes are emerging as important contributors to oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalyst development. In this review, we summarize current advances in electrocatalysis using MXene-based composite materials for the ORR, OER, and HER, and their linking processes to theoretical models. Significant factors that affect the properties of MXene based electrocatalysts, including functional groups, conductivity, and interfacial design, are discussed. Recent advances in MXene material engineering and material technology are also discussed. Finally, we have discussed the current limitations of ORR, OER, and HER electrocatalysts based on MXene composites, obstacles to their future development, and recommendations for future research efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4413-4441
Number of pages29
JournalCatalysis Science and Technology
Issue number14
Early online date14 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This review is dedicated to Professor Yury Gogotsi-Drexel University, on his 60th birthday. All the authors would like to acknowledge the Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur-India; Indian Institute of Science-India; Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology-Thrissur-India; Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul-Turkey; CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute-India; Institute of Physics-India; University of Bath-U.K; Central Connecticut State University-USA; Andhra University College of Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-India; University Grants Commission-Government of India for resource and technical support and Dr. D. S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellowship financial assistance to Demudu Babu Gorle. Rakesh K. Sharma and Srikanth Ponnada are grateful to SERB-CRG-India (CRG/2020/002163) and DBT (BT/PR41982/PBD/26/822/2021).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis


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