Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators

Graham T. Reed, Goran Z. Mashanovich, Frederic Y. Gardes, Milos Nedeljkovi, Youfang Hu, David J. Thomson, Ke Li, Peter R. Wilson, Sheng-Wen Chen, Shawn S. Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The majority of the most successful optical modulators in silicon demonstrated in recent years operate via the plasma dispersion effect and are more specifically based upon free carrier depletion in a silicon rib waveguide. In this work we overview the different types of free carrier depletion type optical modulators in silicon. A summary of some recent example devices for each configuration is then presented together with the performance that they have achieved. Finally an insight into some current research trends involving silicon based optical modulators is provided including integration, operation in the mid-infrared wavelength range and application in short and long haul data transmission links.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-245
Number of pages17
JournalNanophotonics
Volume3
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013

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Light modulators
Silicon
modulators
depletion
silicon
plasma diffusion
Ribs
data transmission
Data communication systems
Telecommunication links
Waveguides
Infrared radiation
waveguides
Plasmas
trends
Equipment and Supplies
Wavelength
configurations
Research
wavelengths

Cite this

Reed, G. T., Mashanovich, G. Z., Gardes, F. Y., Nedeljkovi, M., Hu, Y., Thomson, D. J., ... Hsu, S. S. (2013). Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators. Nanophotonics, 3(4-5), 229-245. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2013-0016

Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators. / Reed, Graham T.; Mashanovich, Goran Z.; Gardes, Frederic Y.; Nedeljkovi, Milos; Hu, Youfang; Thomson, David J.; Li, Ke; Wilson, Peter R.; Chen, Sheng-Wen; Hsu, Shawn S.

In: Nanophotonics, Vol. 3, No. 4-5, 01.12.2013, p. 229-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reed, GT, Mashanovich, GZ, Gardes, FY, Nedeljkovi, M, Hu, Y, Thomson, DJ, Li, K, Wilson, PR, Chen, S-W & Hsu, SS 2013, 'Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators', Nanophotonics, vol. 3, no. 4-5, pp. 229-245. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2013-0016
Reed GT, Mashanovich GZ, Gardes FY, Nedeljkovi M, Hu Y, Thomson DJ et al. Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators. Nanophotonics. 2013 Dec 1;3(4-5):229-245. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2013-0016
Reed, Graham T. ; Mashanovich, Goran Z. ; Gardes, Frederic Y. ; Nedeljkovi, Milos ; Hu, Youfang ; Thomson, David J. ; Li, Ke ; Wilson, Peter R. ; Chen, Sheng-Wen ; Hsu, Shawn S. / Recent breakthroughs in carrier depletion based silicon optical modulators. In: Nanophotonics. 2013 ; Vol. 3, No. 4-5. pp. 229-245.
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