Abstract

Tissue engineering is a rapidly advancing field in regenerative medicine, with much research directed towards the production of new biomaterial scaffolds with tailored properties to generate functional tissue for specific applications. Recently, principles of sustainability, eco-efficiency and green chemistry have begun to guide the development of a new generation of materials, such as cellulose, as an alternative to conventional polymers based on conversion of fossil carbon (e.g., oil) and finding technologies to reduce the use of animal and human derived biomolecules (e.g., foetal bovine serum). Much of this focus on cellulose is due to it possessing the necessary properties for tissue engineering scaffolds, including biocompatibility, and the relative ease with which its characteristics can be tuned through chemical modification to adjust mechanical properties and to introduce various surface modifications. In addition, the sustainability of producing and manufacturing materials from cellulose, as well as its modest cost, makes cellulose an economically viable feedstock. This review focusses specifically on the use of modified cellulose materials for tissue culturing applications. We will investigate recent techniques used to promote scaffold function through physical, biochemical and chemical scaffold modifications, and describe how these have been utilised to reduce reliance on the addition of matrix ligands such as foetal bovine serum.
LanguageEnglish
Article number654
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatusPublished - 14 Mar 2018

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Tissue culture
cellulose
Cellulose
Scaffolds
tissue engineering
Tissue Engineering
tissue culturing
Tissue engineering
serums
Sustainable development
Tissue
Tissue Scaffolds
Regenerative Medicine
Fossils
Chemical modification
fossils
Biocompatible Materials
Biomolecules
biocompatibility
Serum

Cite this

Recent Advances in Modified Cellulose for Tissue Culture Applications. / Courtenay, James; Sharma, Ram; Scott, Janet.

In: Molecules, Vol. 23, No. 3, 654, 14.03.2018, p. 1-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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