Reassessing Ethnic Differences in Mean BMI and Changes Between 2007 and 2013 in English Children

Mohammed T. Hudda, Claire M. Nightingale, Angela S. Donin, Christopher G. Owen, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Jonathan C. K. Wells, Harry Rutter, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup

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Abstract

Objective: National body fatness (BF) data for English South Asian and Black children use BMI, which provides inaccurate ethnic comparisons. BF levels and time trends in the English National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP) between 2007 and 2013 were assessed by using ethnic-specific adjusted BMI (aBMI) for South Asian and Black children. Methods: Analyses were based on 3,195,323 children aged 4 to 5 years and 2,962,673 children aged 10 to 11 years. aBMI values for South Asian and Black children (relating to BF as in White children) were derived independently. Mean aBMI levels and 5-year aBMI changes were obtained by using linear regression. Results: In the 2007-2008 NCMP, mean aBMIs in 10- to 11-year-old children (boys, girls) were higher in South Asian children (20.1, 19.9 kg/m2) and Black girls, but not in Black boys (18.4, 19.2 kg/m2) when compared with White children (18.6, 19.0 kg/m2; all P 
Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity
Volume26
Issue number2
Early online date17 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Dec 2017

Cite this

Hudda, M. T., Nightingale, C. M., Donin, A. S., Owen, C. G., Rudnicka, A. R., Wells, J. C. K., ... Whincup, P. H. (2017). Reassessing Ethnic Differences in Mean BMI and Changes Between 2007 and 2013 in English Children. Obesity, 26(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22091