Abstract

This paper describes the manufacture and properties of fine scale (Ø 260 μm) and dense (>96 % theoretical density) fibres consisting of Magnéli (TinO2n-1) phases for sensing and energy storage applications. In order to understand their operational limits, the re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases in air was examined using thermo-gravimetric analysis at temperatures up to 900 °C under a variety of heating rates. The material was characterised before and after re-oxidation via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases was observed to begin at 650 °C, and the kinetics of the process was studied using the iso-conversional method. The calculated activation energy was consistent with Jander's three-dimensional diffusion model, where oxidation is limited by diffusion of oxygen through a layer of the oxidised product. An activation energy of 0.71 eV was obtained from kinetic analysis of the thermogravimetry data, which is in agreement with previous work on electrical conduction of Magnéli phases using impedance spectroscopy.

LanguageEnglish
Pages7597-7603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume49
Issue number21
Early online date23 Jul 2014
DOIs
StatusPublished - Nov 2014

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Thermogravimetric analysis
Oxidation
Kinetics
Fibers
Activation energy
Heating rate
Energy storage
Spectroscopy
Oxygen
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy
Air
Temperature

Cite this

@article{6550a3b6d7f04dcc9ee89c3bf287ffac,
title = "Re-oxidation mechanism and kinetics of fine scale Ti-Magn{\'e}li phases in fibre form using thermo-gravimetric analysis",
abstract = "This paper describes the manufacture and properties of fine scale ({\O} 260 μm) and dense (>96 {\%} theoretical density) fibres consisting of Magn{\'e}li (TinO2n-1) phases for sensing and energy storage applications. In order to understand their operational limits, the re-oxidation of the Magn{\'e}li phases in air was examined using thermo-gravimetric analysis at temperatures up to 900 °C under a variety of heating rates. The material was characterised before and after re-oxidation via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The re-oxidation of the Magn{\'e}li phases was observed to begin at 650 °C, and the kinetics of the process was studied using the iso-conversional method. The calculated activation energy was consistent with Jander's three-dimensional diffusion model, where oxidation is limited by diffusion of oxygen through a layer of the oxidised product. An activation energy of 0.71 eV was obtained from kinetic analysis of the thermogravimetry data, which is in agreement with previous work on electrical conduction of Magn{\'e}li phases using impedance spectroscopy.",
author = "Vaia Adamaki and Frank Clemens and John Taylor and Mays, {Tim J.} and Bowen, {Christopher R.}",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s10853-014-8468-9",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "7597--7603",
journal = "Journal of Materials Science",
issn = "0022-2461",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "21",

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T1 - Re-oxidation mechanism and kinetics of fine scale Ti-Magnéli phases in fibre form using thermo-gravimetric analysis

AU - Adamaki, Vaia

AU - Clemens, Frank

AU - Taylor, John

AU - Mays, Tim J.

AU - Bowen, Christopher R.

PY - 2014/11

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N2 - This paper describes the manufacture and properties of fine scale (Ø 260 μm) and dense (>96 % theoretical density) fibres consisting of Magnéli (TinO2n-1) phases for sensing and energy storage applications. In order to understand their operational limits, the re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases in air was examined using thermo-gravimetric analysis at temperatures up to 900 °C under a variety of heating rates. The material was characterised before and after re-oxidation via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases was observed to begin at 650 °C, and the kinetics of the process was studied using the iso-conversional method. The calculated activation energy was consistent with Jander's three-dimensional diffusion model, where oxidation is limited by diffusion of oxygen through a layer of the oxidised product. An activation energy of 0.71 eV was obtained from kinetic analysis of the thermogravimetry data, which is in agreement with previous work on electrical conduction of Magnéli phases using impedance spectroscopy.

AB - This paper describes the manufacture and properties of fine scale (Ø 260 μm) and dense (>96 % theoretical density) fibres consisting of Magnéli (TinO2n-1) phases for sensing and energy storage applications. In order to understand their operational limits, the re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases in air was examined using thermo-gravimetric analysis at temperatures up to 900 °C under a variety of heating rates. The material was characterised before and after re-oxidation via X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The re-oxidation of the Magnéli phases was observed to begin at 650 °C, and the kinetics of the process was studied using the iso-conversional method. The calculated activation energy was consistent with Jander's three-dimensional diffusion model, where oxidation is limited by diffusion of oxygen through a layer of the oxidised product. An activation energy of 0.71 eV was obtained from kinetic analysis of the thermogravimetry data, which is in agreement with previous work on electrical conduction of Magnéli phases using impedance spectroscopy.

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