Raman spectra of monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2

An anisotropic layered semiconductor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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205 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) is a layered indirect gap semiconductor for which micromechanical cleavage can produce monolayers consisting of a plane of rhenium atoms with selenium atoms above and below. ReSe2 is unusual among the transition-metal dichalcogenides in having a low symmetry; it is triclinic, with four formula units per unit cell, and has the bulk space group P1. Experimental studies of Raman scattering in monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2 show a rich spectrum consisting of up to 16 of the 18 expected lines with good signal strength, pronounced in-plane anisotropy of the intensities, and no evidence of degradation of the sample during typical measurements. No changes in the frequencies of the Raman bands with layer thickness down to one monolayer are observed, but significant changes in relative intensity of the bands allow the determination of crystal orientation and of monolayer regions. Supporting theory includes calculations of the electronic band structure and Brillouin zone center phonon modes of bulk and monolayer ReSe2 as well as the Raman tensors determining the scattering intensity of each mode. It is found that, as for other transition-metal dichalcogenides, Raman scattering provides a powerful diagnostic tool for studying layer thickness and also layer orientation in few-layer ReSe2. (Graph Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11154-11164
Number of pages11
JournalACS Nano
Volume8
Issue number11
Early online date3 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2014

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Raman scattering
Monolayers
Raman spectra
Rhenium
rhenium
Transition metals
transition metals
Atoms
Selenium
selenium
Brillouin zones
Crystal orientation
Band structure
Tensors
atoms
cleavage
Anisotropy
Layered semiconductors
tensors
Scattering

Keywords

  • Band structure
  • Monolayer
  • MoS
  • Phonon
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • ReS
  • ReSe
  • Rhenium diselenide
  • Transition-metal dichalcogenide

Cite this

Raman spectra of monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2 : An anisotropic layered semiconductor. / Wolverson, Daniel; Crampin, Simon; Kazemi, Asieh S.; Ilie, Adelina; Bending, Simon J.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 8, No. 11, 25.11.2014, p. 11154-11164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) is a layered indirect gap semiconductor for which micromechanical cleavage can produce monolayers consisting of a plane of rhenium atoms with selenium atoms above and below. ReSe2 is unusual among the transition-metal dichalcogenides in having a low symmetry; it is triclinic, with four formula units per unit cell, and has the bulk space group P1. Experimental studies of Raman scattering in monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2 show a rich spectrum consisting of up to 16 of the 18 expected lines with good signal strength, pronounced in-plane anisotropy of the intensities, and no evidence of degradation of the sample during typical measurements. No changes in the frequencies of the Raman bands with layer thickness down to one monolayer are observed, but significant changes in relative intensity of the bands allow the determination of crystal orientation and of monolayer regions. Supporting theory includes calculations of the electronic band structure and Brillouin zone center phonon modes of bulk and monolayer ReSe2 as well as the Raman tensors determining the scattering intensity of each mode. It is found that, as for other transition-metal dichalcogenides, Raman scattering provides a powerful diagnostic tool for studying layer thickness and also layer orientation in few-layer ReSe2. (Graph Presented).",
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AU - Bending, Simon J.

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N2 - Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) is a layered indirect gap semiconductor for which micromechanical cleavage can produce monolayers consisting of a plane of rhenium atoms with selenium atoms above and below. ReSe2 is unusual among the transition-metal dichalcogenides in having a low symmetry; it is triclinic, with four formula units per unit cell, and has the bulk space group P1. Experimental studies of Raman scattering in monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2 show a rich spectrum consisting of up to 16 of the 18 expected lines with good signal strength, pronounced in-plane anisotropy of the intensities, and no evidence of degradation of the sample during typical measurements. No changes in the frequencies of the Raman bands with layer thickness down to one monolayer are observed, but significant changes in relative intensity of the bands allow the determination of crystal orientation and of monolayer regions. Supporting theory includes calculations of the electronic band structure and Brillouin zone center phonon modes of bulk and monolayer ReSe2 as well as the Raman tensors determining the scattering intensity of each mode. It is found that, as for other transition-metal dichalcogenides, Raman scattering provides a powerful diagnostic tool for studying layer thickness and also layer orientation in few-layer ReSe2. (Graph Presented).

AB - Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) is a layered indirect gap semiconductor for which micromechanical cleavage can produce monolayers consisting of a plane of rhenium atoms with selenium atoms above and below. ReSe2 is unusual among the transition-metal dichalcogenides in having a low symmetry; it is triclinic, with four formula units per unit cell, and has the bulk space group P1. Experimental studies of Raman scattering in monolayer, few-layer, and bulk ReSe2 show a rich spectrum consisting of up to 16 of the 18 expected lines with good signal strength, pronounced in-plane anisotropy of the intensities, and no evidence of degradation of the sample during typical measurements. No changes in the frequencies of the Raman bands with layer thickness down to one monolayer are observed, but significant changes in relative intensity of the bands allow the determination of crystal orientation and of monolayer regions. Supporting theory includes calculations of the electronic band structure and Brillouin zone center phonon modes of bulk and monolayer ReSe2 as well as the Raman tensors determining the scattering intensity of each mode. It is found that, as for other transition-metal dichalcogenides, Raman scattering provides a powerful diagnostic tool for studying layer thickness and also layer orientation in few-layer ReSe2. (Graph Presented).

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