Radio communication via Near Vertical Incidence Skywave propagation: an overview

Ben A. Witvliet, Rosa M. Alsina-Pagès

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Near Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) propagation can be used for radio communication in a large area (200 km radius) without any intermediate man-made infrastructure. It is therefore especially suited for disaster relief communication, communication in developing regions and applications where independence of local infrastructure is desired, such as military applications. NVIS communication uses frequencies between approximately 3 and 10 MHz. A comprehensive overview of NVIS research is given, covering propagation, antennas, diversity, modulation and coding. Both the bigger picture and the important details are given, as well as the relation between them.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)295-309
Number of pages15
JournalTelecommunication Systems
Issue number2
Early online date21 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • Radio communication
  • modulation
  • diversity
  • antennas
  • NVIS
  • ionosphere
  • radio wave propagation
  • emergency communications


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