Radar backscatter from underdense meteors and diffusion rates

Werner Singer, Ralph Latteck, Luis Federico Millan, Nick J. Mitchell, Jens Fiedler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many meteoroids burn up between about 120 km and 70 km, deposit metals and dust and form ionized trails which are detected by radars. Model studies about the influence of neutral or positively charged background dust on the ambipolar diffusion indicate that significant smaller decay times should be observed for weak meteor echoes compared to strong meteor echoes which can affect the estimation of temperatures. The variation of meteor decay times in dependence on echo strength, height, and season was studied using radar observations at 69 degrees N, 22 degrees S, and 67 degrees S. Significantly reduced decay times were found for weak echoes below about 88 km at low latitudes throughout the year, and at high latitudes with the exception of summer. In summer at high latitudes, decreasing decay times of weak and strong meteors are observed at altitudes below about 85 km during the appearance of noctilucent clouds. The impact of reduced decay times on the estimation of neutral temperatures from decay times is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
JournalEarth Moon and Planets
Volume102
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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