Quenching of excited triplet states by dissolved natural organic matter

Jannis Wenk, Soren N. Eustis, Kristopher McNeill, Silvio Canonica

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Abstract

Excited triplet states of aromatic ketones and quinones are used as proxies to assess the reactivity of excited triplet states of the dissolved organic matter (3DOM*) in natural waters. 3DOM* are crucial transients in environmental photochemistry responsible for contaminant transformation, production of reactive oxygen species, and potentially photobleaching of DOM. In recent photochemical studies aimed at clarifying the role of DOM as an inhibitor of triplet-induced oxidations of organic contaminants, aromatic ketones have been used in the presence of DOM, and the question of a possible interaction between their excited triplet states and DOM has emerged. To clarify this issue, time-resolved laser spectroscopy was applied to measure the excited triplet state quenching of four different model triplet photosensitizers induced by a suite of DOM from various aquatic and terrestrial sources. While no quenching for the anionic triplet sensitizers 4-carboxybenzophenone (CBBP) and 9,10-anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic acid (2,6-AQDS) was detected, second-order quenching rate constants with DOM for the triplets of 2-acetonaphthone (2AN) and 3-methoxyacetophenone (3MAP) in the range of 1.30-3.85 × 107 L molC-1 s -1 were determined. On the basis of the average molecular weight of DOM molecules, the quenching for these uncharged excited triplet molecules is nearly diffusion-controlled, but significant quenching (>10%) in aerated water is not expected to occur below DOM concentrations of 22-72 mgC L-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12802-12810
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume47
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2013

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