Quasi-Monte Carlo finite element methods for elliptic PDEs with lognormal random coefficients

I. G. Graham, F. Y. Kuo, J. A. Nichols, R. Scheichl, Ch Schwab, I. H. Sloan

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the numerical approximation of diffusion problems over polyhedral domains in (Formula presented.) ((Formula presented.)), with diffusion coefficient (Formula presented.) given as a lognormal random field, i.e., (Formula presented.) where (Formula presented.) is the spatial variable and (Formula presented.) is a Gaussian random field. The analysis presents particular challenges since the corresponding bilinear form is not uniformly bounded away from (Formula presented.) or (Formula presented.) over all possible realizations of (Formula presented.). Focusing on the problem of computing the expected value of linear functionals of the solution of the diffusion problem, we give a rigorous error analysis for methods constructed from (1) standard continuous and piecewise linear finite element approximation in physical space; (2) truncated Karhunen–Loève expansion for computing realizations of (Formula presented.) (leading to a possibly high-dimensional parametrized deterministic diffusion problem); and (3) lattice-based quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) quadrature rules for computing integrals over parameter space which define the expected values. The paper contains novel error analysis which accounts for the effect of all three types of approximation. The QMC analysis is based on a recent result on randomly shifted lattice rules for high-dimensional integrals over the unbounded domain of Euclidean space, which shows that (under suitable conditions) the quadrature error decays with (Formula presented.) with respect to the number of quadrature points (Formula presented.), where (Formula presented.) is arbitrarily small and where the implied constant in the asymptotic error bound is independent of the dimension of the domain of integration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-368
Number of pages40
JournalNumerische Mathematik
Volume131
Issue number2
Early online date2 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

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