Sensing and measurement tasks in severely adverse conditions such as loss, noise, and dephasing can be improved by illumination with quantum states of light. Previous results have shown a modest reduction in the number of measurements necessary to achieve a given precision. Here, we compare three illumination strategies for estimating the relative phase in a noisy, lossy interferometer. When including a common phase fluctuation in the noise processes, we show that using an entangled probe achieves an advantage in parameter estimation precision that scales with the number of entangled modes. This work provides a theoretical foundation for the use of highly multimode entangled states of light for practical measurement tasks in experimentally challenging conditions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics