Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

  • 4 Citations

Abstract

A number of studies have been carried out examining the impact of biodiesel blend ratio on vehicle performance and emissions, however there is relatively little data available on the interaction between blend ratio and reduced ambient temperatures over the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). This study examines the effects of increasing the blend ratio of Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) on the NEDC fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions of a vehicle equipped with a 2.0 litre common rail diesel engine, tested on a chassis dynamometer at ambient temperatures of 25, 10 & -5°C. This study found that under low temperature ambient conditions increasing blend ratios had a significant detrimental effect on vehicle particulate emissions reversing the benefits observed at higher ambient temperatures. Blend ratio was found to have minimal impact on hydrocarbon emissions regardless of ambient temperature while carbon monoxide and NOx emissions were found to increase by up to 20% and 5.5% respectively. Fuel consumption rose by 5% for a B50 blend - a larger than expected increase when considering differences in calorific values alone.

Conference

ConferenceSAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period15/06/0917/06/09

Fingerprint

Vehicle performance
Biodiesel
Fuel consumption
Temperature
Calorific value
Particulate emissions
Dynamometers
Chassis
Carbon monoxide
Diesel engines
Rails
Esters
Hydrocarbons

Cite this

Bannister, C., Hawley, J. G., Ali, H., Chuck, C., & Price, P. (2009). Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions. Paper presented at SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Florence, Italy.

Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions. / Bannister, Christopher; Hawley, J Gary; Ali, H; Chuck, Christopher; Price, P.

2009. Paper presented at SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Florence, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Bannister, C, Hawley, JG, Ali, H, Chuck, C & Price, P 2009, 'Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions' Paper presented at SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Florence, Italy, 15/06/09 - 17/06/09, .
Bannister C, Hawley JG, Ali H, Chuck C, Price P. Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions. 2009. Paper presented at SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Florence, Italy.
Bannister, Christopher ; Hawley, J Gary ; Ali, H ; Chuck, Christopher ; Price, P. / Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions. Paper presented at SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting, Florence, Italy.
@conference{6e77d8c9d2164205b079cad7a7dbff65,
title = "Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions",
abstract = "A number of studies have been carried out examining the impact of biodiesel blend ratio on vehicle performance and emissions, however there is relatively little data available on the interaction between blend ratio and reduced ambient temperatures over the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). This study examines the effects of increasing the blend ratio of Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) on the NEDC fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions of a vehicle equipped with a 2.0 litre common rail diesel engine, tested on a chassis dynamometer at ambient temperatures of 25, 10 & -5°C. This study found that under low temperature ambient conditions increasing blend ratios had a significant detrimental effect on vehicle particulate emissions reversing the benefits observed at higher ambient temperatures. Blend ratio was found to have minimal impact on hydrocarbon emissions regardless of ambient temperature while carbon monoxide and NOx emissions were found to increase by up to 20{\%} and 5.5{\%} respectively. Fuel consumption rose by 5{\%} for a B50 blend - a larger than expected increase when considering differences in calorific values alone.",
author = "Christopher Bannister and Hawley, {J Gary} and H Ali and Christopher Chuck and P Price",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
language = "English",
note = "SAE 2009 International Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants Meeting ; Conference date: 15-06-2009 Through 17-06-2009",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Quantifying the effects of biodiesel blend ratio, at varying ambient temperatures, on vehicle performance and emissions

AU - Bannister,Christopher

AU - Hawley,J Gary

AU - Ali,H

AU - Chuck,Christopher

AU - Price,P

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - A number of studies have been carried out examining the impact of biodiesel blend ratio on vehicle performance and emissions, however there is relatively little data available on the interaction between blend ratio and reduced ambient temperatures over the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). This study examines the effects of increasing the blend ratio of Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) on the NEDC fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions of a vehicle equipped with a 2.0 litre common rail diesel engine, tested on a chassis dynamometer at ambient temperatures of 25, 10 & -5°C. This study found that under low temperature ambient conditions increasing blend ratios had a significant detrimental effect on vehicle particulate emissions reversing the benefits observed at higher ambient temperatures. Blend ratio was found to have minimal impact on hydrocarbon emissions regardless of ambient temperature while carbon monoxide and NOx emissions were found to increase by up to 20% and 5.5% respectively. Fuel consumption rose by 5% for a B50 blend - a larger than expected increase when considering differences in calorific values alone.

AB - A number of studies have been carried out examining the impact of biodiesel blend ratio on vehicle performance and emissions, however there is relatively little data available on the interaction between blend ratio and reduced ambient temperatures over the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). This study examines the effects of increasing the blend ratio of Rapeseed Methyl Ester (RME) on the NEDC fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions of a vehicle equipped with a 2.0 litre common rail diesel engine, tested on a chassis dynamometer at ambient temperatures of 25, 10 & -5°C. This study found that under low temperature ambient conditions increasing blend ratios had a significant detrimental effect on vehicle particulate emissions reversing the benefits observed at higher ambient temperatures. Blend ratio was found to have minimal impact on hydrocarbon emissions regardless of ambient temperature while carbon monoxide and NOx emissions were found to increase by up to 20% and 5.5% respectively. Fuel consumption rose by 5% for a B50 blend - a larger than expected increase when considering differences in calorific values alone.

M3 - Paper

ER -