Purifying condensed water with ceramic ultrafiltration membranes

Zhaoxiang Zhong, Fangsong Xu, Ying Cao, Ze-Xian Low, Feng Zhang, Weihong Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)


Background High-temperature condensed water has high recoverable value but it contains iron ions and oil, which need to be removed before use. Ceramic membranes with pore size between 4 and 50 nm were selected to purify the high-temperature condensed water. The effects of operating parameters and membrane structure on the separation performance were investigated. Continuous concentration experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of volume concentration factor (VCF) on membrane permeability. Results The membrane exhibited high rejection of iron ions and oil. With increase of iron ions concentration, the permeate flux gradually decreased but the oil rejection increased. Oil concentration had no significant effect on the rejections of iron ions and oil. However, the permeate flux decreased with oil concentration owing to the formation of a thick fouling layer on the membrane surface. In the continuous concentration process, removal efficiencies of iron ion and oil were more than 99%, and the turbidity and oil concentration in permeate were less than 0.5 NTU and 0.5 mg L−1, respectively. The iron ion concentration in permeate was less than 0.3 mg L−1. These results meet the standards for boiler feedwater. Finally, the ceramic membrane was washed with 1 vol% HNO3 and then with 1 wt% NaOH. Pure water flux was recovered at >95% Conclusion This study showed the feasibility of purifying high-temperature condensed water using a ceramic ultrafiltration membrane. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2092-2099
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology
Issue number11
Early online date1 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


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