Positive teacher-child relationships (TCRs) are vital for pupil well-being and are especially important for at-risk children. This qualitative study investigated the impact of restrictive physical interventions (RPIs) on TCRs in focus groups comprising ten boys aged 9-11 years attending two special schools in England. We examined the immediate and post incident impact of RPIs on the TCRs of two groups: students who have experienced RPIs and those who have witnessed RPIs. A range of consequences for student well-being, educational support and the TCR were identified. The implications of current study findings for the prevention and implementation of RPIs are discussed.
- restrictive physical intervention
- crisis management
- teacher-child relationship
- special educational needs (SEN)
Willis, J., Harrison, A., & Allen, J. L. (2021). Pupils with social, emotional and mental health special needs: Perceptions of how restrictive physical interventions impact their relationships with teaching staff. Teaching and Teacher Education, 97, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103219