Pulsed epitaxial lateral overgrowth of GaN by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy

C Liu, P A Shields, S Denchitcharoen, S Stepanov, A Gott, W N Wang

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Abstract

A mixed pulsed and normal GaN epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO-GaN) by epitaxy metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy (MOVPE) is reported in this study. Monitoring by using an in situ spectroscopic reflectometer has shown that a varying vertical growth rate during the pulsed growth was observed as in the normal ELO-GaN growth process, however, the growth rate was dramatically reduced in pulsed growth. Cross-section scanning electron microscope (SEM) images have shown that a lateral to vertical growth ratio (LTVGR) of 7 was obtained under a set of growth conditions on a template with a GaN trench and SiO2 mask width of 5 and 15 mu m, respectively, and with the stripes aligned in the GaN < 1 1 0 0 > crystallographic direction. Two types of growth instability associated with pulsed growth were observed under some growth conditions-One, is the formation of large steps on the ELO-GaN stripes before coalescence; the other is the,formation of hexagonal pyramids on the coalesced surface. The origin of pyramidal formation was found exactly on the coalescence boundaries. A mixed pulsed and normal ELO-GaN growth technique has been established to eliminate the large steps, and formation of pyramids can be avoided by switching to normal growth conditions before ELO-GaN stripes coalesce. The thickness of ELO-GaN has been successfully controlled below 1 mu m before coalescence, and below 3 mu m for a fully coalesced ELO-GaN film by this technique. Atomic force microscope (AFM) has confirmed that ELO-GaN films grown by this technique are of high structural quality. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-109
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume300
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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    Liu, C., Shields, P. A., Denchitcharoen, S., Stepanov, S., Gott, A., & Wang, W. N. (2007). Pulsed epitaxial lateral overgrowth of GaN by metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy. Journal of Crystal Growth, 300(1), 104-109.