Psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in chronic pain patients

S K Cho, S M Lee, L M McCracken, D E Moon, E M Heiby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 13 Citations

Abstract

The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20) consists of 20 items designed to assess four aspects of pain-related anxiety: cognitive anxiety, escape-avoidance behaviors, fear of pain, and physiological symptoms of anxiety. Although the PASS-20 is a well-established measure of pain-related anxiety in Western samples, different cultures may yield a different factor structure or different associations with pain-related outcome variables.

The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the factor structure of a Korean language version of the PASS-20 (KPASS-20); (2) to examine reliability and construct validity of the KPASS-20; and (3) to compare the findings of this study with those of the original psychometric study using a Western sample.

A total of 166 patients seeking treatment in a university pain management center located in Seoul, Korea participated.

Results indicated that the KPASS-20 consists of three factors, "fearful thinking," "physiological response," and "avoidance," and has adequate reliability and construct validity estimates. On the mean total score of the KPASS-20, the Korean sample had a significantly higher score than the original Western sample. In addition, in correlation analyses between the total score of the KPASS-20, physical functioning, and pain severity, the Korean sample had significantly higher coefficients, whereas similar differences were not found in the analyses of psychological functioning and depression.

The findings provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the KPASS-20.

LanguageEnglish
Pages108-117
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatusPublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
Chronic Pain
Language
Anxiety
Pain
Reproducibility of Results
Avoidance Learning
Pain Clinics
Pain Management
Korea
Fear
Depression
Psychology

Keywords

  • Korean
  • chronic pain
  • PASS-20
  • pain-related anxiety

Cite this

Psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in chronic pain patients. / Cho, S K; Lee, S M; McCracken, L M; Moon, D E; Heiby, E M.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 108-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cho, S K ; Lee, S M ; McCracken, L M ; Moon, D E ; Heiby, E M. / Psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in chronic pain patients. In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 108-117
@article{0435dd928af647aeafcdcabd1053030f,
title = "Psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in chronic pain patients",
abstract = "The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20) consists of 20 items designed to assess four aspects of pain-related anxiety: cognitive anxiety, escape-avoidance behaviors, fear of pain, and physiological symptoms of anxiety. Although the PASS-20 is a well-established measure of pain-related anxiety in Western samples, different cultures may yield a different factor structure or different associations with pain-related outcome variables. The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the factor structure of a Korean language version of the PASS-20 (KPASS-20); (2) to examine reliability and construct validity of the KPASS-20; and (3) to compare the findings of this study with those of the original psychometric study using a Western sample. A total of 166 patients seeking treatment in a university pain management center located in Seoul, Korea participated. Results indicated that the KPASS-20 consists of three factors, {"}fearful thinking,{"} {"}physiological response,{"} and {"}avoidance,{"} and has adequate reliability and construct validity estimates. On the mean total score of the KPASS-20, the Korean sample had a significantly higher score than the original Western sample. In addition, in correlation analyses between the total score of the KPASS-20, physical functioning, and pain severity, the Korean sample had significantly higher coefficients, whereas similar differences were not found in the analyses of psychological functioning and depression. The findings provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the KPASS-20.",
keywords = "Korean, chronic pain, PASS-20, pain-related anxiety",
author = "Cho, {S K} and Lee, {S M} and McCracken, {L M} and Moon, {D E} and Heiby, {E M}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s12529-010-9080-2",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "108--117",
journal = "International Journal of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "1070-5503",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychometric properties of a Korean version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in chronic pain patients

AU - Cho,S K

AU - Lee,S M

AU - McCracken,L M

AU - Moon,D E

AU - Heiby,E M

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20) consists of 20 items designed to assess four aspects of pain-related anxiety: cognitive anxiety, escape-avoidance behaviors, fear of pain, and physiological symptoms of anxiety. Although the PASS-20 is a well-established measure of pain-related anxiety in Western samples, different cultures may yield a different factor structure or different associations with pain-related outcome variables. The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the factor structure of a Korean language version of the PASS-20 (KPASS-20); (2) to examine reliability and construct validity of the KPASS-20; and (3) to compare the findings of this study with those of the original psychometric study using a Western sample. A total of 166 patients seeking treatment in a university pain management center located in Seoul, Korea participated. Results indicated that the KPASS-20 consists of three factors, "fearful thinking," "physiological response," and "avoidance," and has adequate reliability and construct validity estimates. On the mean total score of the KPASS-20, the Korean sample had a significantly higher score than the original Western sample. In addition, in correlation analyses between the total score of the KPASS-20, physical functioning, and pain severity, the Korean sample had significantly higher coefficients, whereas similar differences were not found in the analyses of psychological functioning and depression. The findings provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the KPASS-20.

AB - The Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (PASS-20) consists of 20 items designed to assess four aspects of pain-related anxiety: cognitive anxiety, escape-avoidance behaviors, fear of pain, and physiological symptoms of anxiety. Although the PASS-20 is a well-established measure of pain-related anxiety in Western samples, different cultures may yield a different factor structure or different associations with pain-related outcome variables. The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the factor structure of a Korean language version of the PASS-20 (KPASS-20); (2) to examine reliability and construct validity of the KPASS-20; and (3) to compare the findings of this study with those of the original psychometric study using a Western sample. A total of 166 patients seeking treatment in a university pain management center located in Seoul, Korea participated. Results indicated that the KPASS-20 consists of three factors, "fearful thinking," "physiological response," and "avoidance," and has adequate reliability and construct validity estimates. On the mean total score of the KPASS-20, the Korean sample had a significantly higher score than the original Western sample. In addition, in correlation analyses between the total score of the KPASS-20, physical functioning, and pain severity, the Korean sample had significantly higher coefficients, whereas similar differences were not found in the analyses of psychological functioning and depression. The findings provide preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the KPASS-20.

KW - Korean

KW - chronic pain

KW - PASS-20

KW - pain-related anxiety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954657586&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-010-9080-2

U2 - 10.1007/s12529-010-9080-2

DO - 10.1007/s12529-010-9080-2

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 108

EP - 117

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

T2 - International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 1070-5503

IS - 2

ER -