Psychological therapies (Internet-delivered) for the management of chronic pain in adults

Christopher Eccleston, Emma Fisher, Lorraine Craig, Geoffrey B. Duggan, Benjamin A. Rosser, Edmund Keogh

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Abstract

Chronic pain (i.e. pain lasting longer than three months) is common. Psychological therapies (e.g. cognitive behavioural therapy) can help people to cope with pain, depression and disability that can occur with such pain. Treatments currently are delivered via hospital out-patient consultation (face-to-face) or more recently through the Internet. This participants with headache conditions. Psychological therapies reduced pain and disability post-treatment; however, no clear evidence of benefit was found for depression and anxiety. For participants with non-headache conditions, psychological therapies delivered via the Internet reduced pain, disability, depression, and anxiety post-treatment. The positive effects on disability were maintained at follow-up. These effects are promising, but considerable uncertainty remains around the estimates of effect. These results come from a small number of trials, with mostly wait-list controls, no reports of adverse events, and non-clinical recruitment methods. Due to the novel method of delivery, the satisfaction and acceptability of these therapies should be explored in this population. These results are similar to those of reviews of traditional face-to-face therapies for chronic pain.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberCDO10152
JournalThe Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Volume2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2014

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